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Richard STRAUSS (1864-1949)
Vier letzte Lieder*** [18:40]
1. Beim Schlafengehen [5:16]
2. September [4:03]
3. Frühling [3:19]
4. Im Abendrot [6:00]
5. Ariadne auf Naxos: Es gibt ein Reich (Act 1) * [5:45]
Capriccio - Final Scene* [20:32]
6. Mondscheinmusik [3:53]
7. Wo ist mein Bruder? [1:44]
8. Morgen mittag um elf! [1:19]
9. Kein Andres, das mir so im Herzen loht [4:02]
10. Ihre Liebe, schlägt mir entgegen [5:51]
11. Du Spiegelbild der verliebten Madeleine [3:43] (with Franz Bierbach (bass))
12. Arabella: Es ist der Richtige nicht fur mich (Act 1) ** [7:05] (with Hilde Gueden (soprano))
13. Der Richtige, so hab’ ich still zu mir gesagt (Act 2);* [7:04] (with Paul Schoeffler (bass-baritone))
14. Das war sehr gut, Mandryka (Act 3) ** [8:15] (with Alfred Poell (baritone))
Lisa Della Casa (soprano)
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra/Karl Böhm (1-4); Heinrich Hollreiser (5-11, 13); Rudolf Moralt (12, 14)
rec. Musikvereinssaal,Vienna, 21-23 April, 1954*; 19-20 May, 1952**; June 1953***
NAXOS 8.111347 [67:21]

Experience Classicsonline

The obvious comparisons with this newly remastered Naxos disc are the Decca Legends issue and the super-bargain Regis. The Decca disc offers exactly the same programme, whereas the Regis includes an extra aria from “Ariadne auf Naxos” (“Ein Schönes war”) conducted live in 1954 by Böhm. It also substitutes a live performance of the final scene from “Capriccio”, conducted in 1953 by Johannes den Hertog. The bonus “Ariadne” excerpt and the extra frisson and immediacy derived from a live performance of “Capriccio”, in combination with the low price, should make the Regis an attractive alternative; unfortunately their clumsy remastering from LPs has resulted in too much obtrusive “wow and swoosh” to make it wholly recommendable. Even so, the Regis disc retains its value for the animation of that live “Capriccio” performance and the fact that despite its rough edgy sound and prominent harps, it retains upper frequencies lost in the fuller, richer sound of both Decca and Naxos versions. Previous reviewers have wondered whether Mark Obert-Thorn’s application of the CEDAR declicking and pitch-correction system for Naxos and Decca’s own re-engineering for the Legends series have not removed too many of those upper frequencies; I can say only that the retention of a fair amount of hiss would suggest that Naxos have managed to render the recordings softer on the ear without too much compromise of the original brightness. To my ears, the singers have been brought forward and the orchestra has more presence; both welcome improvements, despite the very slightly duller, more muffled quality.

Much has already been written about the creamy beauty of Lisa della Casa’s voice, especially in Strauss. The composer called her his ideal Arabella and there is ample evidence for his enthusiasm in these excerpts. There is nothing overt or over-emotive about her singing; the voice soars effortlessly heavenwards, surprising the listener with its power despite its essentially lyric quality. In addition to radiant tone and innate musicality, della Casa had the indefinable ability to touch the heart of both the listener and the character she embodies.

Della Casa here sings the “Four Last Songs” in the order preferred by the composer, although as a modern listener I would need some convincing that this sequence is really artistically preferable. Leaving that aside, it is refreshing to hear them sung so straightforwardly; the angelic radiance of her tone, the broad, arcing phrasing on a long breath and the refusal to swoon create spirituality without a trace of sentimentality. First-time listeners might be taken aback by the complementary directness of Böhm’s brisk accompaniment; there is little use of ritardando or the courting of stasis so common in more reverential readings - but it suits della Casa’s mode perfectly and her interpretation forms a welcome counterpoint to the more indulgent, romanticised versions we have become used to. Some find her cool in these songs; I suggest that they are not listening properly.

We are then treated to her interpretations of three great Straussian ladies and can again admire the economy with which she portrays their varied emotions. She is equally convincing and adorable in all three rôles, from the ironic playfulness of the Countess, to the wistfulness of Arabella, to the naïve piety of Ariadne - and in glorious voice throughout. The trenchancy of her low A flat on “Totenreich” immediately followed by a ringing B flat on “Hermes” is testament to a voice in prime condition throughout its two registers. Furthermore, this anthology comprises some of the most delicate, moving and sensuous music Strauss ever wrote; the ideal vehicle for such a voice to float and soar in. Is there a more luscious tune in opera than the long-breathed melody which launches Arabella’s “Aber der Richtige”? Not when sung as it is here by della Casa, I submit - especially when Gueden answers her with Zdenka’s dreamy rejoinder and the two voices intertwine. If I have any criticism at all, it is to cavil about della Casa’s occasional use of a half-aspirate to change pitch in the upper reaches of he voice, but otherwise it is a voice as close to perfection as one could encounter. She is happily supported by three great Vienna regulars in Hilde Gueden, Paul Schoeffler and Alfred Poell, all perfectly in character and vocally impressive.

For me, however, the centrepiece of this programme is the closing scene from “Capriccio”. As much as I love Gundula Janowitz and Renée Fleming in this music, della Casa is the supreme aristocrat in this role, singing with a purity, charm and unfeigned sincerity which are utterly irresistible.

And all the while, we can enjoy the luxury of the finest orchestra possible in this music. The Vienna Philharmonic provides a velvet cushion of sound, utterly at ease in Strauss’s idiom. Despite the mono sound, the “Moonlight” music has rarely sounded more magical.

It is just as well that della Casa’s diction is so pellucid given the lack of texts and translations, but David Patmore’s notes and summaries are informative and helpful.

While I still appreciate the added sonority of a modern stereo recording such as that given to Fleming in her marvellous disc of Strauss bon-bons with Susan Graham and Barbara Bonney, I would never want to be without this magnificent souvenir of perhaps the greatest Strauss soprano ever. Similarly, while treasurable recordings of the “Four Last Songs” are legion, every devotee should make room on the shelves for this one, no matter how many versions he owns.

Ralph Moore

Masterwork Index: All reviews of Vier Letzte Lieder



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