Martha Argerich is an elemental force. Like Storm, the girl
from the "X-Men" series
who can incite all kinds of meteorological tempests, Argerich seems to create
around her pianistic blizzards and tornadoes, riding the high waves and casting
lightning bolts. What other form can suit such a character better than the good
old piano concerto, where competitiveness and excitement are necessary ingredients?
The second volume of the Martha Argerich Collection claims to bring together
for the first time all of her concerto recordings for Deutsche Grammophon. This
inevitably leads to some repetitions, but don't regret them. There are two versions
of the Beethoven Second, each good and each different. Two Ravels, both very
good and very different. Two of the Tchaikovsky First, both absolute knockouts.
The first disc contains the well-paired twin concertos of Prokofiev and Ravel.
I can't think of a better way to do the Prokofiev Third. Argerich combines the
bravura and the lyricism, the masculine and the feminine, the beauty and the
beast in exactly the right proportion. We get the Ultimate Concerto, all-sided,
all-faceted, all-embracing. Claudio Abbado emerges as the most compassionate
conductor, completely sharing her mood. The piano and the orchestra seem to be
ruled by one mind, and the result is vigorous and athletic. The Berlin Philharmonic
proves the most sensitive and refined of instruments. The piano is well recorded,
the orchestra is a bit distant, but the total excitement is unbeatable.
From the same happy collaboration comes the first recording of the Ravel concerto.
A similar electromagnetic field haloes the music. All the sharp edges, all the
lazy gestures, all that jazz is just fascinating. Michelangeli on EMI may bathe
the music in a more beautiful light, but Argerich's Ravel has the highest voltage
possible. And the second movement is mesmerizing. That's where it pays off to
have a great orchestra: every little woodwind line is heartfelt, every long note
is a gift, every intonation is perfect. Again, the orchestra is recorded somewhat
Seventeen years later, Argerich and Abbado returned to Ravel with the London
Symphony. The recording now has more volume and depth, although it also has a
certain hollowness in places. Still, this is a great performance, more relaxed
than the Berlin, more mature, less exuberant but with a great feeling of freedom.
Actually, the second disc does not open with Ravel but with the Chopin Op.11,
recorded in 1968. The long orchestral introduction is uncommonly wide-flowing,
as if it were a rediscovered part of Schubert's Unfinished. This breadth
lingers for the rest of the movement, shedding light on precious details that
might otherwise be too fleeting to register. Such ballad-like presentation does
not prevent the music having momentum. Towards the end of the development section
the floods break free, and the turbulent stream is powerful and ecstatic. The
slow movement is a delicate love poem. Finally, in the Rondo all inhibitions
are thrown to the winds: it is a fiery lava flow.
But wait: this generous disc holds yet another concerto: Liszt's First! Its performance
has the same traits as the Chopin: magniloquent gestures and broad panoramas
mix with torrents of energy. The tempo in the first part constantly changes.
The synergy between soloist and conductor is amazing: the orchestra seems to
be fit around pianist like a glove. The recording quality of both the Chopin
and the Liszt is very satisfactory.
Collaborations of Argerich with Charles Dutoit also tend to be very successful.
The 1970 Tchaikovsky First (with the Royal Philharmonic) can restore your love
for this overplayed warhorse. The grand length of the first movement goes unnoticed,
as each piano note is approached thoughtfully and poetically. There is no hurry,
everything is sung, things grow into each other naturally. Power, not blind force,
steers the music. The recording quality is excellent.
Now comes - Mendelssohn's what? Yes, his Double Concerto. It was written when
he was 14, at the time of the last String Symphonies. And so it starts like one.
Then it turns, more or less, into a violin sonata of Kreutzer proportions,
with piano accompaniment and, here and there, comments from the orchestra. As
a pure violin sonata, it would be a marvel. As it is, it is an odd mix, but still
very enjoyable. The first movement is a sliced pie, where dead-serious segments
(clearly inspired by the Kreutzer) intermix with more cheerful, Paganini-like
episodes. The piano has more to say in the ensuing Adagio - kind of Beethoven
Violin Romance Meets Mozart Piano Concerto Slow Movement. The third part is a
wonderful rondo from Mendelssohn's lightweight category. It seems that Argerich
is tired of sitting in the violin's shadow, so she grabs the Rondo and sets it
on fire. And Kremer does not hold back but plunges into the dazzling competition.
Maybe you won't remember everything from this rather long concerto after it's
over, but you will surely enjoy every minute of it, and the aftertaste is superb.
Disc number four has Schumann and Chopin's F minor, with Rostropovich and his
National Symphony. We start with a lower level than on the first three discs.
The great first movement of Schumann is spongy, and synchronization between the
orchestra and the soloist is not perfect. The clarinet is apathetic, and the
overall concentration is not as in the best recordings. The second movement is
quite lethargic, but the third one is excellent.
Chopin's Second Concerto is done much better. Again, the orchestra seems sometimes
detached from the soloist, but Argerich's piano sings as never before. Here it
falls to the pianist to provide the expression; the orchestra mostly does hushed
support or thunderous tutti. And you can trust Argerich to ensure that
the result is expressive. The concerto, usually overshadowed by its E
minor brother, comes alive - poetic and powerful. The second movement is exceptionally
inspired, with some really breathtaking moments. The finale is light and bouncy,
with quicksilver fingerwork of amazing precision. This is a performance to cherish.
Giuseppe Sinopoli has it his way with the two early Beethovens on disc 5. The
orchestra is big, very big, and the two concertos emerge as monumentally symphonic
as the Violin Concerto. This, in my opinion, does not serve them well. Argerich,
like a harnessed steed, rushes forward whenever she sees the opportunity, but
Sinopoli softly yet surely pulls her back in line. This is especially noticeable
in the First Concerto finale, where even the central polka episode is tamed.
So, on one hand, the performance is confident, the sound is beautiful, but on
the other hand, I don't sense that excitement that can be found elsewhere. No
surprises. The Second Concerto fares better under this approach. The second movement
has the feeling of sitting in a big golden opera house, old and dusty, but the
singers are good. The finale still radiates a lot of fun.
Let's jump to disc 7, where Argerich reunites with Abbado, this time with the
Mahler Chamber Orchestra, to do the Beethoven Third and Second. Abbado starts
the Third on cat's paws, and we immediately feel that we are entering a different
world: unknown as yet, a little scary, but exciting. Such storytelling reminds
us of their Chopin and Liszt collaborations: contrasts, interplay of light and
shade, friendly ball-throwing between the soloist and the orchestra. And how
good it is to have a chamber orchestra here! Everything is in focus, sympathetically
illuminated. The first movement is full of shimmering magic: it is not one of
those boom-boom Thirds. The second movement is very relaxed - deep inhale, slow
exhale, like a dreamy improvisation. The finale is bursting with youthful energy.
The orchestra and the soloist try to outdo each other. And at the end you discover
that this was a live recording - wow!
The Second Concerto, with the same forces, was recorded at the same place four
years earlier - live again. Lucky Ferrarans! The first movement emerges much
more Beethovenian than Mozartean. It is really multi-dimensional, and again it
is better with chamber forces. The orchestra is very stylish in the slow movement,
and the piano part is heavenly, with every possible nuance. In the finale, again,
Argerich is an elegant panther.
Disc 6 contains three concertos from three epochs: classical Haydn, romantic
Tchaikovsky and modern Shostakovich. Somehow, they combine well. And with such
superb performances, this disc is a real treasure. The first movement of the
Shostakovich clearly borrows from his experience of piano accompaniment for silent
movies. And our movie has good actors: Argerich, the trumpeter Guy Touvron and
the Württemberg Chamber Orchestra ruled by Jörg Faerber are well inside
the idiom. The passions are exalted, as they should be in silent movies, the
chases are spectacular, and the laughter is infectious. The melancholy of the
second movement is heartfelt but not depressive - think Amelie Poulain having
the blues. The hushed trumpet is magical, and the piano has enough weight in
the grave culmination. The tears dry and a smile lights up in the tiny third
movement, a transition to the over-the-top finale, where the pianist, the trumpeter
and the strings play for their dear lives in a reckless galloping can-can!
I cannot recall a presentation of Haydn's most popular concerto which I liked
more than Argerich's. Granted, you feel that she comes from a more romantic tradition
than Haydn probably had in mind. So, the authenticity is questionable. But the
excellence is not. The opening movement is buoyant and energetic. It is full
of innocent, childish playfulness. In places, the piano sounds like a modernized
harpsichord. The slow movement is intimately emotional, with silver threads,
and sadness shining through the smile. You may be surprised by the long cadenza.
It is by Wanda Landowska and, indeed, it has some more modern moments. But doesn't
it perfectly emphasize the beauty of Haydn's motifs? In my opinion, this is what
cadenzas are for: paraphrase, elaborate, in order to bring the composer's music
closer to your heart. The third movement has elastic springiness. The orchestra
runs effortlessly alongside Argerich. A great performance, and very well recorded
In the 1994 Tchaikovsky, with the Berlin Philharmonic and Abbado, the floodgates
are opened in the first measure. The music starts like an avalanche, sweeping
you along. This is the sort of drive to be found in best jazz. Not everybody
loves Tchaikovsky First. You must really love it to perform it like this - and
this feeling is conveyed to the listener. You'll discover new things in this
familiar old chap - for example, did the orchestral accompaniment at around 12:40
ever sound so mandolin-like? The excitement is not yielded by sheer pressure:
many places are delicate and chamber-like. The lyric moments are as lyric as
Tchaikovsky can be. The second movement starts gently and becomes more playful.
We see the sunshine, hear the merry horse-ride in the woods, silver bells and
birds and happiness. Argerich's legendary precision is all there as usual. The
performance of the finale is unique in its combination of wild abandon with a
light touch. The ending is nothing short of orgasmic. The recording of the orchestra
is not ideal - a bit buzzing at times - but this is not the kind of performance
where you pay much heed to the recording issues. And it is live. Live!
The only excuse not to get this collection is if you already have most of these
recordings on your shelf.
CD 1 [48:18]
Sergei PROKOFIEV (1891-1953)
Concerto No.3 in C major, Op.26 (1916-1921) [27:05]
Maurice RAVEL (1875-1937)
Concerto in G major (1929-1931) [21:07]
Berlin Philharmonic/Claudio Abbado
rec. May/June 1967, Berlin
CD 2 [77:57]
Frédéric CHOPIN (1810-1849)
Concerto No.1 in E minor, Op.11 (1830) [37:58]
Franz LISZT (1811-1886)
Concerto No.1 in E flat major (1830-1855) [17:36]
Maurice RAVEL (1875-1937)
Concerto in G major (1929-1931) [22:13]
London Symphony Orchestra/Claudio Abbado
rec. February 1968 (Chopin/Liszt), February 1984 (Ravel), London
CD 3 [72:23]
Peter TCHAIKOVSKY (1840-1893)
Concerto No.1 in B flat minor, Op.23 (1874) [35:39]
Felix MENDELSSOHN (1809-1847)
Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Orchestra in D minor (1823) [36:39]
Royal Philharmonic/Charles Dutoit (Tchaikovsky); Gidon Kremer, Orpheus Chamber
rec. December 1970, Croydon (Tchaikovsky), May 1988, Zürich (Mendelssohn)
CD 4 [60:39]
Robert SCHUMANN (1810-1856)
Concerto in A minor, Op.54 (1841-1845) [29:45]
Frédéric CHOPIN (1810-1849)
Concerto No.2 in F minor, Op.21 (1830) [30:48]
National Symphony Orchestra/Mstislav Rostropovich
rec. January 1978, Washington
CD 5 [65:25]
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
Concerto No.1 in C major, Op.15 (1795-1801) [35:13]
Concerto No.2 in B flat major, Op.19 (1790-1798) [30:05]
Philharmonia Orchestra/Giuseppe Sinopoli
rec. May 1985, London
CD 6 [73:44]
Dmitri SHOSTAKOVICH (1906-1975)
Concerto for Piano, Trumpet and String Orchestra (No.1), Op.35 (1933) [22:43]
Joseph HAYDN (1732-1809)
Concerto in D major (1780-1783), Hob.XVIII:11 [18:50]
Peter TCHAIKOVSKY (1840-1893)
Concerto No.1 in B flat minor, Op.23 (1874) [32:11]
Württemberg Chamber Orchestra/Joerg Faerber (Shostakovich/Haydn), Berlin
Philharmonic/Claudio Abbado (Tchaikovsky)
rec. January 1993, Ludwigsburg (Shostakovich/Haydn), December 1994, Berlin (Tchaikovsky)
CD 7 [64:00]
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op.37 (1800-1802) [35:42]
Concerto No.2 in B flat major, Op.19 (1790-1798) [28:12]
Mahler Chamber Orchestra/Claudio Abbado
rec. February 2000 (No.2), February 2004 (No.3), Ferrara