String Quartet no.1 in D minor, op.1a no.1 (c.1815-18) [18:20]
String Quartet no.2 in E flat, op.1a no.2 (c.1815-18) [21:04]
String Quartet no.3 in A minor, op.1a no.3 (c.1815-18) [18:32]
Amati Ensemble String Quartet (Gil Sharon (violin I); Sonja van
Beek (violin II); Ron Ephrat (viola); Floris Mijnders (cello))
rec. Fransum, Groningen, the Netherlands, 2-3 April 2011. DDD
BRILLIANT CLASSICS 94287 [58:03]
Paganini wrote fifteen quartets for violin, viola, guitar and
cello, but these are his only three for the archetypal string
quartet, constituting his other op.1, and quite a different
kettle of fish from the famous 24 Caprices for solo violin.
According to the notes, it was Paganini who styled the Quartets
'op.1a', his published op.1 having been completed a decade previously
- chronologically they should have been his op.4, 5 or 6.
The designation 'quartet' is a little misleading too, as these
works are decidedly quaint in their division of labour: most
of the limelight goes to the first violin, melody spinner throughout,
whilst the other three strings, functioning often like continuos,
add a bit of colouring or texture here and there. Even though
the great cello virtuoso Boccherini had already dispensed with
this kind of arrangement in his own String Quartets a whole
half a century previously, this was a deliberate choice on Paganini's
part - for one thing, he often took first violin himself.
For another, he was in the business of giving audiences what
they wanted, attested to in this case by the fact that the Quartets
were very popular in Paganini's lifetime. In addition he was
dedicating these Quartets to the King of Sardinia. So it is
that they are all cut from the same cloth - warm, cosy, supremely
melodic, eschewing all vulgarity. Aside from the imbalance in
the scoring, they are most reminiscent of Mozart.
There is no real pathos to be mined, but the Amati Ensemble
String Quartet, first violin Gil Sharon in particular of course,
give an genial account of Paganini at his most easy-going. The
aptly named Paganini Quartet provide the only other CD recording
of these works, for Dynamic in the mid-1990s (CDS 134). Tempi
vary a fair bit in a movement-by-movement comparison, but that
is not surprising: as the notes explain, Paganini made few stipulations
in his scores, allowing instead the musicians to make their
own choices. Those made here by the Amati are appropriate and
The Paganini Quartet also recorded the fifteen "Guitar Quartets"
for Dynamic, and they and the three String Quartets are also
available in a 10-CD boxed set of the composer's 'Complete Chamber
Works' (CDS 553/1-10, review).
There are two earlier Italian LP recordings of the three Quartets,
incidentally: the premiere by the Quartetto della Scala in the
1970s, and a second to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the
composer's birth by Salvatore Accardo and friends, this latter
later transferred to CD (Warner Fonit 3984 27593-2).
Sound quality here is very good, although the microphones may
be too close for some tastes. The glossy English-only booklet
is a little threadbare, but all the essentials are there and
the notes well written. The biography is enthusiastic, to put
it mildly, describing "the famous Dutch violin virtuoso" Gil
Sharon as belonging to "the sought after category of super musicians
with an unrivalled talent".
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