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Nicolò PAGANINI (1782-1840)
String Quartet no.1 in D minor, op.1a no.1 (c.1815-18) [18:20]
String Quartet no.2 in E flat, op.1a no.2 (c.1815-18) [21:04]
String Quartet no.3 in A minor, op.1a no.3 (c.1815-18) [18:32]
Amati Ensemble String Quartet (Gil Sharon (violin I); Sonja van Beek (violin II); Ron Ephrat (viola); Floris Mijnders (cello))
rec. Fransum, Groningen, the Netherlands, 2-3 April 2011. DDD
BRILLIANT CLASSICS 94287 [58:03]  

Experience Classicsonline

Paganini wrote fifteen quartets for violin, viola, guitar and cello, but these are his only three for the archetypal string quartet, constituting his other op.1, and quite a different kettle of fish from the famous 24 Caprices for solo violin. According to the notes, it was Paganini who styled the Quartets 'op.1a', his published op.1 having been completed a decade previously - chronologically they should have been his op.4, 5 or 6. 

The designation 'quartet' is a little misleading too, as these works are decidedly quaint in their division of labour: most of the limelight goes to the first violin, melody spinner throughout, whilst the other three strings, functioning often like continuos, add a bit of colouring or texture here and there. Even though the great cello virtuoso Boccherini had already dispensed with this kind of arrangement in his own String Quartets a whole half a century previously, this was a deliberate choice on Paganini's part - for one thing, he often took first violin himself. 

For another, he was in the business of giving audiences what they wanted, attested to in this case by the fact that the Quartets were very popular in Paganini's lifetime. In addition he was dedicating these Quartets to the King of Sardinia. So it is that they are all cut from the same cloth - warm, cosy, supremely melodic, eschewing all vulgarity. Aside from the imbalance in the scoring, they are most reminiscent of Mozart.
There is no real pathos to be mined, but the Amati Ensemble String Quartet, first violin Gil Sharon in particular of course, give an genial account of Paganini at his most easy-going. The aptly named Paganini Quartet provide the only other CD recording of these works, for Dynamic in the mid-1990s (CDS 134). Tempi vary a fair bit in a movement-by-movement comparison, but that is not surprising: as the notes explain, Paganini made few stipulations in his scores, allowing instead the musicians to make their own choices. Those made here by the Amati are appropriate and appealing. 

The Paganini Quartet also recorded the fifteen "Guitar Quartets" for Dynamic, and they and the three String Quartets are also available in a 10-CD boxed set of the composer's 'Complete Chamber Works' (CDS 553/1-10, review). There are two earlier Italian LP recordings of the three Quartets, incidentally: the premiere by the Quartetto della Scala in the 1970s, and a second to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the composer's birth by Salvatore Accardo and friends, this latter later transferred to CD (Warner Fonit 3984 27593-2).
Sound quality here is very good, although the microphones may be too close for some tastes. The glossy English-only booklet is a little threadbare, but all the essentials are there and the notes well written. The biography is enthusiastic, to put it mildly, describing "the famous Dutch violin virtuoso" Gil Sharon as belonging to "the sought after category of super musicians with an unrivalled talent".  


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