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Chorale Preludes Nos 1-45, BWV 599-644 [83:06] *
Canonic Variations on 'Von Himmel hoch, da komm ich her', BWV
769a [11:05] ** Meine Seele erhabt den Herren (Magnificat), BWV 733 [4:20]
Helmut Walcha (organ)
rec. Schnitger Organ, Cappel, Germany. ADD: June 1950, September
1952, *; 9, 20-21 June 1950 **
PRISTINE AUDIO PAKM036 [52:06 + 46:03]
Helmut Walcha's (1907-1991) recordings of the Bach organ repertoire
are amongst the most celebrated of the twentieth century for
their magnificence, eloquence and perception. Walcha recorded
more or less the entire repertoire twice, for DG … in
mono from 1947 to 1952 and again in stereo between 1956 and
1971. It is the former, the mono series on the splendid Schnitger
Organ in the church of Saints Peter and Paul in Cappel (the
CD and Pristine Audio's website are inconsistent with the town's
spelling) in Lower Saxony, which has been expertly transferred
to two CDs by Andrew Rose of Pristine Audio.
In fact, the lively, resonant and full sound is likely to be
the first thing you notice. It's quite remarkable. True, there
are moments of slight wow and flutter. But they really are very,
very slight. There are no other 'artefacts', distortion or interference
with our enjoyment of the music.
The Orgel-Büchlein, or Little Organ Book, was a product
of Bach's years at the court in Weimar (1708-1714). Originally
there were to have been 164 chorale preludes suited to all times
of the liturgical year. Although there are traces of the 47th,
only 46 were ever completed. The Orgel-Büchlein should
be considered a collection in its own right of music for the
instrument (chorale preludes are small-scale works based on
chorale melodies), music for church services with implied religious
affirmation, an exploration of compositional techniques, and
even a teaching aid. CD 1 contains the first 28 chorale preludes
of the Orgel-Büchlein, that is BWV 599 to 626; CD 2 the
last 18, BWV627 to 644. The three versions of Christ ist
erstanden, BWV 627 are recorded.
Walcha's understanding of Bach's purpose is evident in every
note and bar. He plays with a dignity and detachment that eschew
romantic overlay or intonation. That's not to say that the performances
lack colour. They do not. His tempi and phrasing, for example,
are full of meaning. Such a number as Christ lag in Todesbanden,
BWV 625 [CD.1 tr.27], for example, is typical of the immense
emotion (in this case a weighty and inescapable pain) which
Walcha packs into less than a minute and a half … several
of the chorale preludes in the Orgel-Büchlein last under
a minute, many under two and few are longer than three.
It's thus necessary for a sensitive interpreter to understand
the overall direction, and the traditions of Baroque provincial
organ composition for that matter, in which Bach was working.
The chorale preludes in the Orgel-Büchlein will not sound
well if treated as an unrelated series of one-offs. Continuity,
which is not the same as uniformity, is important. It's Walcha's
immense experience of Bach and the organ as well as great insight
into the religious purpose behind the Orgel-Büchlein that
make these such valuable interpretations. And the fact that
this understanding leads to a degree of variety whereby the
particular import and impact of each prelude is fully communicated
such that each is a delight on its own - despite forming part
of a whole.
In a way this comes - paradoxically - from a refusal by Walcha
to 'editorialise', to impose his own conception on Bach's music.
When Bach was subdued (as in Das alteJahr vergangen
ist, BWV 614 [CD.1 tr.16], for example), Walcha is subdued;
when exuberant (as in InDir ist Freude, BWV 615,
the very next prelude), Walcha is exuberant. This is classic
and ultimately very satisfying playing.
No standalone CDs of Walcha's recordings of the Orgel-Büchlein
alone seem to be available. Even if they were, these two Pristine
Audio CDs retail for a price less than what they would cost.
Even then, it's the stately and perceptive interpretation that
truly recommends these recordings. When you consider the excellent
sound quality, they're hard to resist.
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