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Antoine REICHA (1770-1836)
Études dans le genre Fugué, Op. 97 Nos. 1-13 (1815-17) [61:05]
Fugue, Op. 36 No. 12 (1803) [1:25]
Ivan Ilić (piano)
rec. 2018, Potton Hall, Dunwich, Suffolk. CHANDOS RECORDS CHAN20033 [62:35]
Volume 1 of Ivan Ilić’s Reicha Rediscovered series was an eye-opener for myself (review) and many others, and these titles are proving to be a hit with a surprisingly wide audience. Once again we are treated with superbly produced and annotated première recordings of music that was unfashionable in its day and neglected since, but can now be heard with ears freed of prejudicial crust.
The Études dans le genre Fugué or Studies in Fugal Style were intended as pedagogical exercises for keyboard players and trainee composers. The typical pattern of these is a fugue preceded by a prelude, though Reicha is not always consistent in this. Reicha’s mantra for teaching composition was counterpoint, of which the fugue is the greatest test of a composer’s skill. In his booklet notes, Ilić points out the myriad ways in which Reicha was able to make his fugues into “an intense cognitive experience”, bringing in hints of other composers such as Schumann or Mendelssohn, and allowing himself latitude with the rules of the fugue as generally set out by J.S. Bach. Partial entries of the subject or overlapping them in stretto to raise the musical temperature and, as in some of the preludes, intervening with surprise changes of one kind or another. Reicha favours major keys in these pieces, lending them an up-beat feel to a set of pieces that already has plenty of joie de vivre.
All of this said, the opening Poco Andante in E minor is a rather funereal start to the collection, but you get the flavour of Reicha´s deceptive simplicity, a quality that leads you to expect one thing, when what you get is something different enough to make you sit up and take notice. Without going through every Étude it’s worth pointing out some favourite moments. The variations of the third prelude have the suggestion of being able to go on into infinity despite the simplicity of the theme, and the Air of the fourth is a substantial Lento that has the effect of having almost no variation at all. The fugues are often a swifter answer to their prelude, the Allegretto of the fifth being a Bach-like chase around the keyboard while the sixth has a lyrical flow that invites a feeling of endless possibilities, the response to a prelude that goes through “a succession of rigorously prepared and resolved double suspensions” – the kind of cycle satirised by Victor Borge when lampooning Bach, but one which in this case leads to “a new plaintive section reminiscent of Schubert, [bringing] the piece to a melancholy close.”
In short, there is variety and fascination enough in this collection, which brings us 1-13 of a set that runs to 34, so there is plenty more to expect in future volumes. Listening to these pieces requires a certain openness of attitude, with ears prepared to find the interest in Reicha’s subtle treatment of apparently almost naïve material, as well as being prepared to share his sometimes unconventional journeys in counterpoint. Reicha wrong-foots us in all kinds of ways but, from my point of view at least, in no way as to irritate the listener. The educational aspects of this music can be borne in mind but are also easy to ignore while revelling in amusing corners such as the teasingly playful dotted rhythms of the Andante Maestoso tenth prelude, followed by the music-box effect of its partner piece, which is by no means a fugue.
This edition is being shadowed somewhat by another ‘Complete Piano Works’ on Toccata Classics played by Henrik Löwenmark. Other than sampling the first two volumes from their website I have no real qualitative remarks to make, other than noting that Ivan Ilić seems more secure on a purely technical level. It will be interesting to see how this battle of world premières pans out, though the two labels have avoided treading on each other’s feet so far.
The final track here is the startling Fugue, Op. 36 No. 12. Reicha was freer with the rules in his Op. 36 set of 36 fugues, and this little coda to the programme jabs us with pointy rhythms and accents, the counterpoint soon dissolving into cadences that take us in to seven different keys in all. Ivan Ilić ends his booklet note with a quote from Berlioz, “…no other professor showed himself as prompt as Reicha in recognising an innovation, even if it went against all the accepted rules, if the result was successful and if he observed in it the seeds of progress.”