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Sonatas for Violincello and Basso Continuo
Antonio VIVALDI (1678-1741)

Sonata in E-minor RV 40 [13:22]*
Francesco GEMINIANI (1687-1762)

Sonata No. 6 in A-Minor (1746)[8:48]**
Antonio VIVALDI (1678-1741)

Sonata in B-flat major RV 46 [11:53]*
Francesco GEMINIANI (1687-1762)

Sonata No. 3 in C-major (1746) [12:24]**
Sonata No. 2 in D-minor (1746) [11:29]**
Antonio VIVALDI (1678-1741)

Sonata in G-minor (RV 42) [12:28]*
Roel Dieltiens (cello), * Anthony Woodrow (double bass), ** Richte van der Meer (cello continuo), Robert Kohnen (organ*, harpsichord**)
Recorded: Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Kerk, Haarlem, November 1991
ACCENT ACC 10081 [71:01]


It is now generally accepted that Vivaldi wrote ten cello sonatas – one of them now lost. Six (RV 47, 41, 43, 45, 40 and 46) of the surviving nine were published posthumously as a set, in Paris, by Charles-Nicolas Le Clerc around 1740. The other three survive in manuscript collections: RV 42 (along with RV 46) is preserved in the library at Wiesentheid Castle at Unterfranken in Germany; RV 39 and 44 (along with RV 47) are to be found in a manuscript in the Naples Conservatoire.

Geminiani’s opus 5 consists of six cello sonatas, and was first published in Paris in 1746.

The twenty years either side of 1740 saw the cello rise to a very fashionable position in French musical society, largely at the expense of the bass-viol – a change of fashion which stirred such strong emotions that in 1740 Hubert Le Blanc published his fierce Defense de la basse de viole contre les entreprises du violon et les pretensions du violencel. Music such as that by Vivaldi and Geminiani which is played here by Roel Dieltiens and his colleagues must have made a powerful counter-case for the cello.

Vivaldi’s sonatas cannot be dated precisely. Without fail they display his profound understanding of the expressive capacities of the instrument. Presumably the lessons he himself learned from his work as teacher of stringed instruments at the Pietà in Venice fed into his writing in these sonatas. All of his nine sonatas are in four movements, disposed slow-fast-slow-fast. In the manuscript of RV 42 the movements carry titles suggesting relationship to particular dances: Preludio-Allemande-Sarabande-Gigue. In the other sonatas the designations are simply of tempos, but the spirit of the dance is never too far away. In his slow movements, Vivaldi’s writing for the cello is often lyrically poignant, but too dignified ever to be merely sentimental.

Geminiani’s sonatas follow the same basic four movement pattern, though some of his slow movements - such as both the adagio and the grave of Sonata no.6 - are so short that the works are less perfectly balanced as regards tempo. All three of the sonatas played here are full of inventive, but unflashy, writing; the best of the slow movements have a tender melancholy and the closing allegros are delightfully vivacious and witty.

Roel Dieltiens’ playing has both the drive and the subtlety displayed in his acclaimed recording (also on Accent) of the Bach suites for solo cello. Given that he has worked regularly with masters such as René Jacobs, Frans Brüggen and Philippe Herreweghe his musicianship need come as no surprise. He will also be familiar to followers of post-baroque music, having recorded and performed works by Kodaly, William Bolcom and Luc van Hove. Here he shows himself fully responsive to the demands of the music, in terms of phrasing and intonation, rhythm and ornamentation alike. There are other fine performances of both the Vivaldi and Geminiani sonatas – such as the Vivaldi by Christophe Coin (L’Oiseau Lyre), Anner Bylsma (Deutsche Harmonia Mundi), Anthony Pleeth (ASV), Pieter Wispelwey (Channel Classics) and a complete set by David Watkin (Hyperion) and the Geminiani by Alison McGillivary (Linn). In the cases of both Vivaldi and Geminiani this is music which both leaves scope for a variety of interpretations and which, in a sense, demands such variety. Given, for example, the decisions that must be made about the instrumentation of the accompaniment – no details being specified in the sources – there is room for a number of interpretative choices, none of which are necessarily ‘wrong’. Here Dieltens eschews the theorbos, archlutes or baroque guitars that some employ. The results are relatively plain in colouring, but none the worse for that.

I wouldn’t want to make a ‘first choice’ in any of this music. Suffice it to say that Dieltens’ performances are ones to which any listener fond of the baroque cello is likely to make frequent returns. The mixing of sonatas by the two composers is suggestive – though I can’t help wishing that Dieltens had given us a complete recording of one the sonatas by one or other of these two Italian masters.

Glyn Pursglove

 

 



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