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Alexander von ZEMLINSKY (1872-1942)
Lieder: Gesänge, Op. 5: Book 1 - Schlaf nur ein! (wds. Heyse) Gesänge, Op. 5: Book 2 - No. 2, Tiefe Sehnsucht (wds. Liliencron); No. 4, Im Korn (wds. Evers) 6 Gesänge, Op. 6 - Liebe Schwalbe; Ich gehe des Nachts; Blaues Sternlein 5 Gesänge,Op. 7 - No. 2, Entbietung (wds. Dehmel); No. 3, Meeraugen (wds. Dehmel); o. 5, Sonntag (wds. Wertheimer) 4 Gesänge, Op. 8 - Turmwächterlied (wds. Jacobsen); Und hat der Tag all seine Qual (wds. Jabobsen) 6 Gesänge, Op. 10 - No. 4, Meine Braut führ ich heim (wds. Jacobsen) Lieder, Op. 2: Book 1 - No. 1, Heilige Nacht (wds. Fet); No. 3, Geflüster der Nacht (wds. Storm); No. 7, Vor der Stadt (wds. Eichendorff) 6 Lieder, Op. 22 - Feiger Gedanken bängliches Schwanken (wds. wds.;Elfenlied (wds. Goethe); Volkslied (wds. Morgenstern); Das bucklichte Männlein (wds. 'Des Knaben Wunder 12 Lieder, Op. 27 - Jetzt ist die Zeit (wds. Kalidasa); Afrikanischer Tanz (wds. Hughes) 6 Gesänge, Op. 13 - No 2, Die Mädchen mit den verbundenen Augen; No 4, Als ich Geliebter schled
Steven Kimbrough (baritone)
Cord Garben (piano)
Recorded in Hamburg, August 1982
ARTS 47613-2 [47.30]

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This fine and accomplished disc was released on LP in 1982 and now reappears courtesy of Arts. Checking in the near-current catalogues several songs are still not generally available on other discs, which makes their reappearance here a matter of enthusiasm for Zemlinsky enthusiasts. The corollary of the vinyl origin is the relatively short playing time. Nevertheless I think we can allow the difficulties of suitable couplings, not least when this collection makes for such a satisfying programme in its own right.

The selection runs chronologically from Op. 2 to Op. 27 and the Brahmsian influence is strongly heard in the earlier settings. Though commentators often say that this was an influence that became quickly supplanted or superseded by a post-Wagnerian canvas and harmonic palette, it seems to me Ė or perhaps Iím straining over hard to hear it Ė that the early influences remained audible even into the magnificent Op.13 lieder. At any rate we can all agree that Heilige Nacht and Vor der Stadt are explicitly Brahmsian and that Schlaf nur ein! generates similar imperatives. The Brahmsian impulse seems overpowering and the subtlety of the performance lies in Kimbrough and Garbenís realisation of it. Kimbroughís is a light-ish baritone, sometimes almost a low tenor, but its agility means heís able to employ sensitive mezza voce in a way that is quite unselfconscious.

Itís with the Op.7 set that things become more harmonically complex and Liebe Schwalbe burgeons into passionate declamation, the piano mirroring and shadowing the vocal line, the two adding hints of Tristan and Isolde. Much the longest setting is Turmwächterlied which, for all its relative increased complexity, still seems to retain Brahmsí stamp Ė allied to a real sense of drama and sweep and quasi-operatic power. Iím not aware of many other recordings of the Op.22 songs, especially the two ones here, but the duo certainly get to grips with the malignity of Elfenlied and they go to town with the Afrikanischer Tanz.

The notes are reasonable and the texts are in German only. The recording quality back in 1982 was a touch constricted but the performers overrode that with real conviction.

Jonathan Woolf


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