of this discography is self-explanatory. The composers included were either
born or came to settle in Italy, Portugal, Spain or the various nations that
constitute Latin America. Despite the vast amount of geographical territory
that these nations cover, the number of symphonies produced by their composers
is relatively small for various reasons. Even though there are some early
examples of symphonies in all of these places, the composition of orchestral
music in general, and symphonic writing in particular was relatively rare.
The three Southern European nations, especially Italy, were places where vocal
music dominated throughout the 19th century and in Italy, the term "sinfonia"
was synonomous with "overture." The symphonic tradition was so weak
in Spain that her greatest composers, Isaac Albeniz, Manuel de Falla and Enrique
Granados never attempted the form. Latin America's colonial societies, with
some exceptions, were mostly lacking in the fundamentals of European musical
culture. However, more than 150 composers are represented in this discography,
the vast majority of whom wrote their symphonies in the 20th century. With
the exception of a few composers such as Heitor Villa-Lobos, Carlos Chávez,
Joaquin Turina and Nino Rota, most of the names included here are relatively
unknown except to specialists. Furthermore, unlike in all the other discographies
that preceded this one, there is not a single symphony included here that
is part of the standard repertory of symphonies that are played the world
As in the
previous discographies in this series, no attempt has been made to list every
release of every recording of each work. There have just been too many reissues,
especially from the major labels, to make this feasible for many recordings.
Instead, what are listed are the most current issue the author has located
and the earliest release (if any on LP or CD) of that particular recording.
In general, multi-disc compendium releases are omitted unless they contain
a unique recording or the sole modern reissue of a previously released performance.
Recorded is here defined as being available in a physical format that can
be (or could have been) purchased or obtained from either a commercial or
non-commercial source. Tape recordings, DVD's and formats other than CD's
or LP's are not included.
for each composer consists of two sections. First there is a compact biographical
paragraph that notes some essential information such as place of birth, higher
musical education (including schools and prominent teachers), subsequent musical
careers in addition to composing and details of other symphonies that have
not been recorded. Compositional styles are not discussed in these paragraphs
and readers are referred to the bibliography where various reference books
that cover this subject are listed. The second part of each composer entry
consists of lists of his or her symphonies that have been recorded and the
various recordings of each work. Symphony is defined here as any work the
composer has designated as such in its title including works called "sinfonia"
or "sinfonietta." The works can be for full orchestra, chamber orchestra,
strings, winds, brass or chorus and orchestra. For every symphony that has
them, the opus number, key signature and title are noted and the year of composition
or première (if known) is stated for all. The entries of the symphonies
that have had multiple recordings are listed alphabetically by the conductor's
name. Each listing of a recording consists of the following components: (1)
Performers (in this order if all are involved - conductor, soloists, choral
group, orchestra), (2) Other works on the recording. (3) Label and catalogue
number and year of issue and (4) If the recording is a reissue, the original
LP or CD release and its year of issue. Please note that the performers listed
are for the entry work and not necessarily for the works that it is coupled
with. Also, in most instances when an entry work is included in a large collection
(especially if most of the other works are not related to the discography's
subject) the list of couplings is not given but replaced by the title of the
* * * * * * *
I have received
a lot of help in preparing this work. For this particular Discography, I am
especially indebted to my friends Steve Ellis and Miklos Pogonyi both of whose
broad knowledge of recordings was totally indipensable for this project to
reach its completion. As in my previous Discographies, Rob Barnett and Len
Mullenger of MusicWeb International were on hand to help my work onto the
* * * * * * *
that all recordings listed are CDs unless specifically designated as LPs.
Finally, as this resource is published online it can always be a work in progress
as the author has the ability to amend the work when necessary with very little
difficulty. A work of this type is bound to contain errors and omissions as
so much material has been gathered from so many diverse sources. Therefore,
I ask anyone who reads this book and finds such errors or omissions to please
let me know at the e-mail address email@example.com. I would be very grateful indeed.
LP Vinyl Records and CDs http://www.parnassusrecords.com/old_site/oldcatalogs.htm
AND CONDUCTOR SITES
composers have their own websites and others can be found on the websites of
their publishers. There are also websites for earlier composers and conductors
that are maintained by societies that promote their music and recordings. These
can be found by typing the composer's name into any search engine.