Ives' String Quartet No. 1, From the Salvation Army, consists of the following four movements:
Ives wrote the First String Quartet at Yale during his sophomore year. Ives biographer Jan Swafford has the following words to say about the work:
Like many of Ives' compositions, the work is based on a series of compositions that Ives had written for church services. The piece is also subtitled "A Revival Service," and it liberally quotes a variety of hymns that were popular in Ives' day. Ives later recalled the criticisms of Horatio Parker, his music teacher at Yale, who was scandalized that a "serious" piece of music was based on hymn tunes.
Ives composed the String Quartet No. 1 from 1898 to 1902, based on earlier organ and string works from 1896-1898. Unfortunately, all of these organ works are now lost.
Ives later re-worked the first movement of this work as the third movement in the Fourth Symphony.
Borrowed tunes include:
The first documented complete performance of the String Quartet No. 1 took place on April 24, 1957. It was performed by the Kohon String Quartet. The concert took place at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
The Kohon String Quartet also issued the first recording of this work in 1963 (Vox STDL-501120).