RECORDING OF THE MONTH
Giovanni GABRIELI (c.1554/7-1612)
Motet: Hodie Christus natus est a8 [2:54]
Johann Sebastian BACH (1685-1750)
Organ Prelude: Gott, durch deine Güte, BWV600 [1:00]
Cantata: Christen, ätzet diesen Tag, BWV63 [28:12]
Organ Prelude: Vom Himmel hoch, BWV606 [0:42]
Congregational Chorale: Vom Himmel hoch [2:58]
Organ Prelude: Fuga sopra il Magnificat, BWV733 [3:43]
Magnificat in E-flat, BWV243a [34:20]
Organ Prelude: Puer natus in Bethlehem, BWV603 [1:36]
Congregational Chorale: Puer natus in Bethlehem [2:43]
Julia Doyle, Joanne Lunn (soprano)
Clare Wilkinson (mezzo)
Nicholas Mulroy (tenor)
Matthew Brook (bass-baritone)
Dunedin Consort/John Butt
rec. Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh, Scotland, 27-31 July 2014. DDD/DSD
Texts and translations included
LINN CKD469 SACD [78:08]
Reviewed as 24/96 download from Hyperion. Also available in mp3 and 16-bit lossless and additionally in 24/192 format and on SACD from Linn. Both sources include pdf booklet. The first 1000 purchases of the SACD qualify for a bonus CD of highlights from these performers’ recording of Handel’s Messiah (CKD285).
The headline news is that, though I have many other very fine recordings of the two major works, Cantata No.63 and the E-flat version of the Magnificat with the Christmas interpolations, this new recording just about outdoes them all, including a very fine bargain version from Philippe Herreweghe which couples it with Cantata No.63 (Harmonia Mundi D’Abord HMA1951782, budget price: Recording of the Month – review – Download News 2015/5).
This is not the first of John Butt’s Bach recordings to be reconstructions of actual liturgical celebrations that might have occurred during his time in Leipzig: in this case we have a credible reconstruction of his first Christmas Vespers in the Nikolaikirche in 1723.
I’m not going to renege on my recommendation of the Herreweghe, but John Butt has gone one further and created a sense of occasion by opening with a Gabrieli motet and interpolating appropriate organ preludes and congregational hymns. With a CD filled almost to bursting, a few items have had to be left out, but these can be downloaded free from Linn: the organ prelude Der Tag der ist so freudenreich, BWV650, the congregational pulpit hymn Ein Kindelein so loebelich and the final collect, responsory and blessing. It’s a bit fiddly to insert these tracks in the right place – perhaps Hyperion could have included them with the download. I put them into a sub-folder labelled ‘bonus tracks’ and Winamp read them as tracks 31-34, after the main tracks 1-30. If you download the ‘digital de luxe’ version from Linn the tracks are in the right places.
The opening work, an 8-part motet by Giovanni Gabrieli, is included in a North German collection of the time: it would have been sung by the very best singers from the Thomasschule, though it seems unlikely that they would have been as accomplished as the team on the new recording – the five named soloists plus Katie Schofield, Malcolm Bennett and Dominic Barberi, with organ, cello and violone accompaniment, who get the album off to a flying start.
The organ pieces are just as welcome as the vocal works. It was as a performer of Bach’s organ music on the Harmonia Mundi label that John Butt first came to my attention: his recording of the Schübler Chorales and preludes and fugues on HMU907249 and of the Trio Sonatas on HCX3957055 are both download only now – from Presto: click the catalogue numbers for the links. The Trio Sonatas were most recently available at budget price, so Presto’s £4.98 (mp3) or £5.98 (lossless) is reasonable. Subscribers can stream in lossless sound from classicsonlinehd.com, but I can’t recommend downloading there for £12.24 each.
The first organ piece here, the Prelude BWV600, from Orgel-büchlein, is well up to the standard of those earlier recordings and the Greyfriars organ, restored in 1990, makes a good baroque sound. The booklet lists this as Gott, durch deine Güte, but it’s also known as Gottes Sohn ist kommen, which is more appropriate to Christmas, and the download track carries the latter title. Nor are the remaining organ pieces any less well performed. As John Butt notes in the booklet these preludes were intended not to be played one after the other in a 70-minute CD programme, as we normally hear them now, but to set the mood for a following choral work.
I’ve heard some very fine recordings of Cantata No.631 but this knocked me off my perch from the start, capturing the joyful spirit of the work more than any other that I know. Bach brought this cantata with him from Weimar and it may have seemed a little too exuberant for the staid burghers of Leipzig. A good performance should have had the congregation dancing in the aisles – the text exhorts them to join the round dance: Kommt, ihr Christen, kommt zur Reihen. Butt’s interpretation might have tempted them to climb up the organ loft but such was not the staid Lutheran way in Bach’s day, despite Martin Luther’s own love of joyful music and his expectation of joining the Reihe (round dance) in Heaven.
The performance of the Magnificat has the same dancing qualities as the Cantata, though it’s the latter that really persuaded me to make this a Recording of the Month. You may not wish to have the Christmas interpolations all year round, so they have been separately tracked. That’s fine if you can be bothered to programme them out but I prefer to keep them. The practice of interpolating other music in the Magnificat at Christmas, in Latin and German, had been common for some time before Bach: Hieronymus Prætorius’s Magnificat Quinti toni, which features on a very fine recent recording, interpolates a number of extra verses: Joseph, lieber Joseph, Omnes nunc concite, Hodie apparuit and, verse by verse, In dulci jubilo. (A Wondrous Mystery: Stile Antico, Harmonia Mundi HMU807575).
I listened to the recording as a 24/96 download and the sound is every bit as impressive as the performances. Past experience of comparing 24-bit Linn downloads and their SACD equivalents suggests that it’s equivalent to the HD stereo layer of the disc. It’s also available in mp3 and 16-bit lossless from Hyperion and Linn and additionally in 24/192 from Linn.
The notes in the booklet are extremely valuable, especially in setting the music in liturgical context and in arguing the case for the use of the older Tief-Kammerton or ‘French pitch’, approx. A=392, for strings and woodwind, thus allowing the trumpets to perform in the higher ‘baroque pitch’ Kammerton or Cammerton of 415 in their native key of D, as they do in the other version of the Magnificat in D. D at the higher pitch = E-flat at the lower. Those seeking further elucidation will find a helpful article on this complex subject in the Oxford Companion to Music (Pitch, 3).
Even if you have another recording of either, or even both, of the main works you will be bowled over by this new recording. It’s top of my Christmas 2015 list so far and I expect it to remain so.
1 To name but a few: Karl Richter (DG Archiv 4791712, 4 CDs), John Eliot Gardiner (DG Archiv E4635892 and SDG174, the latter download only), Masaaki Suzuki (BIS-CD-881) and Philippe Herreweghe (listed above).
Previous review: John Quinn (Recording of the Month)
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