Carl Philipp Emanuel BACH (1714-1788)
Magnificat Wq 215 (1749) [37:40]
Heilig ist Gott Wq 217 (1776) [7:40]
Sinfonie D-Dur Wq 183/1 (1780)* [10:12]
Elizabeth Watts (soprano); Wiebke Lehmkuhl (alto); Lothar Odinius (tenor); Markus Eiche (bass); RIAS Kammerchor
Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin/Hans-Christoph Rademann
rec. January 2012, Jesus-Christus-Kirche, Berlin-Dahlem; *November 2011, Teldec Studios, Berlin
Texts and translations included
HARMONIA MUNDI HMC 902167 [56:05]
A little while ago I discovered a fine work, the Trauermusik by Johann Ludwig Bach, who was a distant cousin of Johann Sebastian Bach (review). That discovery came courtesy of a fine and exciting recording by Hans-Christoph Rademann and the Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin. Now Rademann has turned his attention to another of Sebastian’s relatives: his most celebrated son, Carl Philipp Emmanuel. In the year that marks the 300th anniversary of CPE Bach’s birth I’m delighted that Rademann has led me to another welcome discovery in the shape of his Magnificat.
The programme for this disc has not been chosen on a whim. On 9 April 1786, which was Palm Sunday in that year, C P E Bach put on a charity concert in Hamburg in his capacity as the city’s music director. In the first half he performed the Credo from his father’s B minor Mass and two excerpts from Handel’s Messiah. The second half was devoted to Philipp Emanuel’s own music: the two choral works here recorded and a symphony – probably, we are told in the notes, the one selected by Hans-Christoph Rademann.
The Magnificat is a rather splendid work, cast in nine sections and requiring SATB soloists and choir and what sounds like a substantial orchestra. The choir is only involved in four of the movements but within those sections it has a good deal to do. The opening chorus is very energetic and celebratory, festive with trumpets and drums. In its drive and excitement it recalls the D major Magnificat by Philipp Emanuel’s father, Sebastian. This music reappears at the end, as happens in Sebastian’s setting. However, Philipp Emanuel reprises his opening for the words of the doxology whereas Bach père used the old – but good – musical joke of revisiting the opening music at the words ‘Sicut erat in prncipio’. Philipp Emanuel sets those words instead to a substantial and elaborate fugue of which his father would surely have approved and which brings the work to a jubilant end. The other movement that involves the choir is a slow and serious chromatic chorus, ‘Et misericordia eius’. In all these movements the RIAS Kammerchor makes a splendid showing.
The remaining movements are in the hands of the soloists and Rademann has a good quartet at his disposal. There’s only one soprano aria, ‘Quia respexit humilitatem’ and that’s a pity for Elizabeth Watts sings it gorgeously; it would have been good to hear more of her. The bass also makes but one appearance. That’s in the dramatic aria, ‘Fecit potentiam’. Markus Eiche projects the music forcefully – sometimes just a touch too forcefully for my taste – and crisp drums and trumpets lend a martial air to the proceedings.
Tenor Lothar Odinius has a dashing and flamboyant aria, ‘Quia fecit mihi magna’ which he sings strongly and with no little vocal athleticism. Later he partners alto Wiebke Lehmkuhl in the duet ‘Deposuit potentes’. The very opening of this number is slightly reminiscent of the tenor aria, setting the same words, in Sebastian Bach’s Magnificat. Philipp Emanuel’s duet version is a very good piece of writing; the two virtuosic lines intertwine and strike sparks off each other very effectively in the first half; later there’s a more relaxed and lyrical second half, setting the ‘Esurientes’ verse. Miss Lehmkuhl has what is arguably the plum movement in the work, the solo ‘Suscepit Israel’. This is a beautiful, gentle aria. The music is limpid and touching and the graceful accompaniment adds flutes to the strings, suggesting a ‘Blessed Spirits’ ambience. Lehmkuhl sings with lovely tone though her words are not always ideally clear.
Hans-Christoph Rademann gets some splendid playing from the Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin and directs the performance with flair and evident empathy for the music.
Heilig ist Gott is quite a remarkable work, not least on account of how much Philipp Emanuel Bach packs in to a fairly short space of time. This was a work that he esteemed highly among his sacred music, it seems. It is not a setting of the ‘Sanctus’, as might be thought from the title. Rather, the text is drawn from the sixth chapter of the Prophecy of Isaiah. There’s a short arietta for solo alto, representing the Prophet himself, after which the more substantial second section is for double chorus. One choir sounds to be placed at a distance – most effectively – in this performance. The distant choir, which is heard quietly at first, represents the Angels, while the second choir, which answers them loudly, represents the People. After the two choirs have sung antiphonally the piece ends with a fugue in Choir II against which Choir I sings, as a cantus firmus, words from the German Te Deum: ‘Herr Got, dich loben wir’.
The short symphony is an interesting piece. It’s one of a set of four which constituted Bach’s last essays in this genre. There are some strange, innovative touches, not least the teasing, deceptive start to the first movement. That movement gets a sparkling performance from Rademann and the musicians of Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin. The little slow movement is graceful with the wind instruments dominating the textures; indeed, the winds are prominent throughout the symphony. The finale is full of high spirits.
The disc is a little short in terms of playing time but I suppose that was dictated by the very specific basis of the programme. However, that’s the only drawback – if such it be – to this release. The performances are first rate in all respects and the music is full of interest. The booklet is very well produced and the sound is excellent. All in all, this is an early and splendid contribution to the C P E Bach anniversary celebrations.
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