Gerhard LAMPERSBERG (1928-2002)
Drei Lieder nach Thomas Bernhard, for soprano and piano (1959) [5:58]
Blumiade, for flute and piano (1991) [8:18]
Jetzt - 13 Pezzi, for piano (1991) [8:53]
Trio, for clarinet, violin and snare drum (1957) [5:27]
Bunte Steine, for piano (1976) [9:09]
Komposition, for clarinet, snare drum, tam-tam, violin and cello (1959) [4:12]
Sequenzen, for piano (1986/1994) [3:45]
Sieben Gemälde, for violin and piano (1991) [6:17]
Augenblicke, for flute and piano (1991) [8:14]
Drei Lieder nach Thomas Bernhard, for soprano and piano (1959) [3:58]
Ensemble Avantgarde: Julia Henning (soprano), Ralf Mielke (flute), Matthias Kreher (clarinet), Andreas Seidel (violin), Christian Giger (cello), Stefan Stopora (percussion), Steffen Schleiermacher (piano)
rec. Konzerthaus, Marienmünster Abbey, Germany, 27-28 November 2011.
MUSIKPRODUKTION DABRINGHAUS UND GRIMM MDG 613 1760-2 [65:40]
Sadly, Gerhard Lampersberg's death a decade ago was barely noted in the media. This commemoration may be rather belated. However, as only the second monograph of Lampersberg's music on CD, it must be welcomed by anyone interested in post-war Austro-German music, especially those with ears attuned to the musical rarefication of the so-called Second Viennese and Darmstadt Schools. The first disc, incidentally, was a potpourri similar to MDG's that came out shortly before it on Österreichischer Rundfunk's own label (CD3138). Before that there were two 1980s LPs on the German Insel Hombroich label, with which Lampersberg was closely associated.
Lampersberg (originally Lampersberger) was something of a controversial figure, at least for his time. Garrulous, argumentative, pretentious and, according to Gitta Honegger's biography of his protégé, the well-known Austrian novelist Thomas Bernhard ('Thomas Bernhard: The Making of an Austrian', Yale 2001), a flamboyant, almost decadent homosexual. Bernhard himself was, and still is, a polemical figure in Austrian literary circles. In 1957 Lampersberg and his wife, wealthy patrons of the arts, took him under their wing, and indeed under their roof. Bernhard repaid their support with the libretto to one of Lampersberg's operas, but their relationship soon soured, with unsavoury results. As Honegger's book makes clear, both Bernhard and Lampersberg were bisexual and Bernhard had an affair with the composer and his wife. This, "according to eye witness accounts, led to bizarre scenes of melodramatically declared and denied passion, emotional breakdowns, and Gerhard Lampersberg's heartbroken descent into alcoholism and drug addiction, culminating in the abrupt breakup of the friendship in 1960."
Thus the inclusion on this recording of two sets of songs after texts by Bernhard is somewhat ironic. In the accompanying notes, Eberhard Blum and Friedrich Cerha coyly make no mention of the above episode in the life of their friend Lampersberg. Blum notes that Bernhard's novel 'Holzfällen - eine Erregung' (usually translated into English as 'Woodcutters'), published in 1987, relentlessly ridicules Lampersberg and his wife, thinly disguised as "the Auersbergers". "Loathing, contempt and venomous backbiting suffuse Bernhard's descriptions of the musician's work", writes Blum, yet he has clearly not read Honegger's book, as he is "unaware of any specific incidents that might have led them to quarrel and Bernhard to feel obliged to compose this mean-spirited assessment of his one-time friends." The Lampersbergs filed a lawsuit against Bernhard for defamation of character and prevented the book's sale in Austria for a few months, although this had the inevitable consequence of drawing massive public attention to it.
With regard to Lampersberg's music, certain general points may be observed. Firstly, he is a miniaturist: none of these works lasts longer than nine minutes, whilst no single movement goes more than a few seconds over two. In fact, the ten featured works are divided into 61 tracks, which gives an average movement length of only a fraction over one minute. Moreover, silence plays a significant role: most of these pieces can be characterised as concatenations of quiet stasis punctuated by sudden, sometimes strident outbursts. At this point it may be noted that MDG's recordings, though crystal clear, have been made at an extraordinarily low volume, only a small percentage of which can be accounted for by the engineers' need to accommodate the loud, shriller moments.
The combination of this fragmentary nature and Lampersberg's atonal or dodecaphonic idiom inevitably calls to mind Webern or Boulez, and an appreciation of their artistic aims is virtually a prerequisite for listening to Lampersberg. The aptly named, flexi-membered Ensemble Avantgarde have the experience of several recordings of modernist music for MDG already, and here present the composer in the best possible light. Soprano Julia Henning and pianist Steffen Schleiermacher are particularly impressive, the latter pictured in the booklet with flautist/annotator Eberhard Blum and the diminutive Lampersberg in a photo from 1986.
The track-list reproduces Lampersberg's capital-less titles. The translation of Cerha's rather 'luvvy' text is stilted in places, as in: "it all premiered in a barn nearby the manor". The notes themselves would have been enhanced by a more objective account of Lampersberg's life and certainly by some discussion of his recondite music.
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Must be welcomed by anyone interested in post-war Austro-German music, especially those with ears attuned to the musical rarefication of the Second Viennese and Darmstadt Schools.
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