Johann Sebastian BACH (1685-1750)
Partita No. 1 in B flat Major, BWV 825 [21:19]
Partita No. 2 in C minor, BWV 826 [22:38]
Partita No. 4 in D Major, BWV 828 [34:41]
Partita No. 3 in A minor, BWV 827 [21:49]
Partita No. 5 in G Major, BWV 829 [23:23]
Partita No. 6 in E minor, BWV 830 [32:35]
Malcolm Proud (harpsichord)
rec. 10-12 December 2012, Leuven Institute for Ireland in Europe.
MAYA RECORDINGS MCD 1301 [78:52 + 78:01]
Bach composed three sets of keyboard suites, culminating in the Partitas. Not only are they more elaborate and technically challenging than the English and French Suites, but they offer both player and listener a more sumptuously rich experience. Furthermore, it is curious that it was the last set of keyboard works he wrote, yet was the first to be published, under his direction, as Clavier-Ubung 1 (keyboard practice). The Partitas were published individually between 1726 and 1730, then together as his Op. 1 in 1731.
There is a trend these days to perform Bach keyboard works almost exclusively on the piano. My familiarity with the Partitas has been almost completely with piano versions by such performers as Gould, Hewitt, Schiff, Perahia, Goode and Tureck though I do possess the Kirkpatrick and Pinnock harpsichord versions. There is a compelling case for authentic performance of these works. After all, the piano was still only in its early stages of development when Bach was around. It was left to his son C.P.E. Bach to realize the piano’s full potential. Hence, the piano and the harpsichord offer a different dimension, and are both equally valid. Some would even argue that the very nature and mechanics of the harpsichord are more conducive to achieving greater precision and clarity in the delineation of the several contrapuntal strands.
Malcolm Proud was born in Dublin. He studied with Gustav Leonhardt in Amsterdam. In 1982, he won first prize at the Edinburgh International Harpsichord Competition. Since then he has made an international career, performing in Europe, North America and Japan. He has been associated with the English Baroque Soloists, the Orchestra of the Age of the Enlightenment and the Academy of Ancient Music.
These are very compelling and cultivated performances that Malcolm Proud has on offer. Repeats are observed, and are tastefully ornamented. Articulation and clarity are maintained throughout. The Allemandes of Partitas 1 and 4 were rather slow and ponderous, but otherwise tempi seem comfortable and judiciously chosen. The Ouverture to Partita 4 has a sublime grandeur, and curiously its Sarabande has been inserted between the Courante and the Aria. This proves to be a very effective step, placing a slower movement between two brisk ones, thus creating more of a contrast. The Sarabandes form the emotional core of each work, and Proud renders each with warmth and lyricism. The Gigues have a youthful exuberance and sparkle, and are imbued with energy. All in all, Proud gets to the soul of Bach with these performances.
The harpsichord used in this recording is a copy of a 1624 example by Joannes Ruckers of Antwerp. It was built in 2007 by Kevin Fryer. I was very enamoured of the full-blooded yet bright sound of this instrument. The exceptional richness of timbre adds depth and clarity. The Leuven Institute offers an ideal venue and acoustic. David Ledbetter’s liner-notes set the context admirably. Those who are dubious about the effectiveness of the harpsichord as opposed to the piano in these works, should give these recordings a try. They have certainly won me over and I shall be revisiting them often.
Exceptionally fine performances, and ones that I will happily return to in the future.
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