Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
The Creatures of Prometheus: Overture [5:34], Ballet Music no.8 [7:48]
Symphony no.2 in D op.36 [33:22]
Symphony no.5 in C minor op.67 [32:35]
Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra/Paul van Kempen
rec. April 1940 (Symphony 2), 7 July 1941 (Prometheus, Symphony 5), Dresden

The Dutch conductor Paul van Kempen (1893-1955) has been a name that crops up rather than a constant presence in the world of recorded music. There are those who prefer Wilhelm Kempffís first cycle of Beethoven concertos not least on account of Van Kempenís conducting. His easy cohabitation with the Nazi regime did not endear him to his own countrymen or help him to rebuild his career in Holland after the war. His recordings were not numerous and he did not make later LP versions of any of the works on this issue. As transferred by Mark Obert-Thorn these discs have good presence and body and a wider dynamic range than was common at the time. This raises the question whether Van Kempen himself did not insist on a wider dynamic range than many of his contemporaries on the podium. The gentle, unforced lyrical playing of the quieter passages combined with the often forceful approach to fortes suggest this may have been the case.

Van Kempen is said to have had an eruptive musical personality, particularly suited to Tchaikovsky. This is not notably born out in the Prometheus Overture, where a nicely shaped introduction is followed by a vigorous but unexceptionable allegro, nor in the Ballet Music, where a degree of un-balletic overemphasis seems to stem from Beethoven himself. It is noticeable at a few points in the outer movements of the Second Symphony, where the music is momentarily pushed ahead of the well-chosen tempi and a touch of hysteria enters the proceedings. On the other hand, the slow movement is beautifully shaped, at a fairly slow tempo but not so slow as to lose a very natural sense of flow. This movement can overstay its length; this is, for me, a rare case among slower versions where this did not happen.

The first movement of the Fifth also has a few odd moments of incipient hysteria, though they cannot conceal the fact that most of it is very effectively hammered out while the few lyrical moments are really beautiful. Van Kempenís shaping of the blunt chords shortly before the recapitulation points out - uniquely in my experience - which of the two chords is harmonically the more important. He is also very un-indulgent - especially by the standards of his time - over the famous four-note motive, for which he slows down hardly at all.

The scherzo is steady but well-sprung and very clear. The justification of a steady scherzo, though, is that the difficult trio doesnít become a scramble. Unfortunately the eruptive Van Kempen intervenes and things get a bit scrappy. The finale is launched in fine style, but shortly after the beginning of the development there is a loss of tension, the tempo slightly slackens and even the recording has less presence. I donít know where the side joins were - all power to Obert-Thorn for linking them up so seamlessly - but Iím wondering of the proceedings were interrupted at that point, maybe for some time, and did not immediately pick up with the same degree of tension.

Which leaves the slow movement. Taken on the slow side it has a heartfelt warmth, unhurried grandeur where required and some beautifully limpid wind playing. This brings back the old, never-answered question. should something recorded in wartime Nazi Germany express such timeless, benign humanity?

Readers will have decided long ere now whether this latter aspect worries them. In any case, Iíd say that these are not exactly essential Beethoven performances. But those with large collections and a fascination for the interpretation of these inexhaustible works should find a place for them. They may well conclude that the slow movements are among the finest in their library.

Christopher Howell

These are not exactly essential Beethoven performances but those with large collections may conclude that the slow movements are among the finest in their library.