Paul HINDEMITH (1895-1963)
String Quartets - 2
String Quartet no.5, op.32 (1923) [30:17]
String Quartet no.6 in E flat (1943) [24:34]
String Quartet no.7 in E flat (1944-45) [16:22]
Amar Quartet (Anna Brunner (violin); Igor Keller (violin); Hannes Bärtschi
(viola); Péter Somodari (cello))
rec. Grosser Saal, Radiostudio Swiss Radio, Zurich, Switzerland, February 2009;
April 2010 (no. 5). DDD
NAXOS 8.572164 [71:13]
The Naxos blurb for this new release describes Hindemith's seven String Quartets
as "one of the twentieth century's greatest cycles". It’s an appraisal
hardly gainsaid by the first volume in the Amar Quartet's new cycle for Naxos,
released in summer 2012 to considerable acclaim (review).
Yet for reasons to do with his complicated, portentous and perhaps not always
cohesive theoretical writings on music and society, and his strong dislike of
the 1950s avant-garde, Hindemith's music has not always had an easy time of
it from critics. Historically, string quartets have been as guilty as any in
neglecting his music, with the exception to an extent of the Fourth Quartet.
Things are changing nowadays as a growing discography reveals the true extent
of the music’s accessibility and intelligence.
The String Quartets count among his most instantly approachable works, even
the Third, with which he firmed up his credentials among contemporaries as a
modernist. Like the two Quartets in volume I, the opening Fifth, written around
the same time, follows in the great tradition of Beethoven. Though chromaticism
is very marked and tonality itself sometimes has only the loosest of grips,
German musicologist Giselher Schubert goes as far as to say, in his booklet
notes, that the elaborate double fugue of the first movement "at its best can
complement Beethoven's Grosse Fuge, op.133" - a far from overstated assessment.
Fittingly, Hindemith wrote this work whilst on tour with the original Amar Quartet,
who then gave an immediate first performance in Vienna in 1923.
Hindemith wrote his last two Quartets, both in E flat, twenty years later in
America, towards the end of the Second World War. The music is no less friendly.
The Sixth in fact looks back on and borrows material from Hindemith's own Second,
Third and Fourth Quartets, dating back to the 1910s and 1920s. Hindemith's part-writing
throughout is unremittingly inventive, almost breathtaking in its scope and
intricacy. Yet for all the sophistication, there is always clarity and concision
of thought, and a regard for tradition-nurtured audiences.
The Zurich-based Amar Quartet, named by way of tribute after Hindemith's own
ensemble (dissolved in 1929), give another memorable reading, urbane and high-fidelity,
cordial and eloquent. First violinist Anna Brunner co-founded the quartet in
1987 with her sister, yet she is still only forty.
These recordings were made at exactly the same time as volume 1, so it is no
surprise that the audio has the same high-quality feel. The notes are much as
before, Schubert giving a well written, detailed account of the music, notwithstanding
an opening sentence that ignores the facts: "Paul Hindemith was the first composer
of string quartets since Spohr (1784-1859) who was also an outstanding violinist
and viola player" - Respighi, Ysaÿe and Lalo, among others, had evidently
slipped his mind.
There is, presumably, one more volume to come, with the 'new' First and Hindemith's
most popular Fourth Quartet. The First was not published until 1994, and its
discovery in recent times necessitated the re-numbering of all the rest. It
would be nice too if the Amar and Naxos could squeeze on Hindemith's two extant,
quasi-Dadaist parody pieces for quartet, both written in the early 1920s. The
Overture to the Flying Dutchman, as Played at Sight by a Bad Spa Orchestra at
the Fountain at 7a.m., is only about eight minutes long, and room could
be found for at least a couple of the movements of the so-called Minimax
(Repertory for Military Orchestra). Hindemith the humourist!
Collected reviews and contact at artmusicreviews.co.uk
Memorable readings, urbane and high-fidelity, cordial and eloquent.