Antonio VIVALDI (1678-1741)
RV 586, 587, 588, 589, 591, 592, 593, 594, 595, 596, 597, 598, 601, 602, 604, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 613, 615, 616, 617, 618, 635, 636, 639, 642 (expanded contents list at end of review)
Sally Burgess, Susan Daniel, Felicity Lott, Margaret Marshall, Anne Collins, Ann Murray, Birgit Finnilä, Linda Finnie, Jochen Kowalski, Nico van der Meel, Anthony Rolfe Johnson, Robert Holl, Anton Scharinger, Thomas Thomaschke
John Alldis Choir
English Chamber Orchestra (CDs 1-5)
Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra (CDs 6-7)
Vittorio Negri conductor
rec. Wembley Town Hall, November 1976, St John's Smith Square, April 1978 and July 1979, Church of Maria Minor Utrecht, February and May 1990. Stereo. DDD/ADD.
NEWTON CLASSICS 8802045 [7 CDs: 65:11 + 67:08 + 66:45 + 66:03 + 69:02 + 69:59 + 52:57]
It may seem ungrateful, but my first reaction listening through this box set of Vivaldi sacred music was that there is just too much of it. 457 minutes of this stuff, which even its advocates would agree, all sounds very similar, is more than the mind can comfortably contemplate. Presumably, Newton Classics bought the rights as a job lot, and from a financial point of view it would have made little difference if they had only included three or four discs. Even so, there are some technical problems with the reissue and a frustrating lack of information in the liner, both of which may have been resolved if the same money had been invested on a shorter programme.
The recordings themselves are good. Italian conductor and musicologist Vittorio Negri was considered an authority on Vivaldi back in the 1970s, and it is easy to hear why. Without any particular concession to the then fledgling period performance movement, he directs performances that have energy and sparkle. His vision for each movement and work is easily communicated thanks to the high performance standards of the players and singers. The unity of the string section is rarely in question, and the choir, whilst they sometimes become a little blurred in the inner parts, never fail clearly to articulate the counterpoint.
The list of soloists reads like a who's who, and listening to these discs back-to-back the individual identity of each of them really becomes clear. Solo movements for ladies’ voices (or at least taken by female singers) predominate, so there is more here for fans of Margaret Marshall and Anne Murray than for those of Anthony Rolfe Johnson.
The first five discs date from 1976-1980, while the last two were recorded in 1991. It is a testament to the quality of the 1970s analogue masters that there is no perceptible difference between them and the later digital ones. The engineering quality of the originals is explained by the fact that the recordings were made by Philips. The earlier recordings have been the subject of at least one re-release on the original label, perhaps to coincide with the release of the later ones, but Universal has clearly decided that their earning potential has now declined to the point that licensing to a budget label is their most useful role.
This isn't the place for aesthetic ideology, but it has to be said that if these discs were released on the Philips label today, they would seem hopelessly dated. The period performance movement now has such a hegemony over the core Baroque repertoire that even modern instrument recordings show the influence of those performance techniques. And great as these recordings are, it often seems, at least to my 21st century ears, that I'm listening to Elgar. Some people still have a taste for this sort of Vivaldi, but even so, it does raise the question of what, or who, this reissue is intended for. The encyclopedic nature of the programming suggests it is aimed at listeners who want to cover the broadest Vivaldi repertoire. But they are not well served by recordings that don't acknowledge the developments that have been made in performance practice and scholarship in recent decades.
Even listeners attracted by the nostalgia value of these recordings are going to be frustrated by the production values of the reissue. The liner essay is about the works rather than the recordings, and there is only so much you can say about eight hours of music in three and half small pages. The track-listing only gives the initials of the soloists for each work, requiring frustrating cross-referencing between the pages. There is no indication of which recordings are analogue and which digital, admittedly obvious for recordings made in 1977 and 1991, but what about 1980?
The most serious problem is the mastering flaws on the discs themselves. There are silent gaps midway through movements, and at least one of the discs has tracking problems towards the end, causing it to skip. I'm not sure what the cause of these problems is, but I speculate that financial constraints play a part. Like many budget reissue labels, Newton Classics works on the principle of the greatest possible duration for the lowest possible cost. In these straitened times, that is one of the few business models left with scope for even a modest profit margin. Even so, the long-term viability of the whole concept it surely dependent on customer satisfaction, so there is definitely a case for raising the price by a few pounds if that will raise the standard of the product to a minimum threshold of quality.
Negri was considered a Vivaldi authority back in the 1970s and it is easy to hear why.
Expanded Title Contents List
Lauda Jerusalem (Psalm 147), for 2 voices, double chorus, strings and continuo in E minor, RV 609 1976 8:11
Ostro picta, armata spina (introduzione to Gloria, RV 588), solo motet for voice, strings and continuo in D, RV 642 1978 7:23
Gloria, for 3 solo voices, chorus, trumpet, oboe, violin (ad lib), 2 violas, 2 cellos, strings and continuo in D major, RV 589 1978 30:00
Laudate Pueri Dominum (Psalm 112), for voice, chorus, oboe, strings and continuo in A major, RV 602 1979 17:59
Laudate Dominum omnes gentes (Psalm 116), for chorus, strings and continuo in D minor, RV 606 1978 2:03
Ascende laeta, solo motet for voice, strings and continuo in A major (introduzione to Dixit Dominus), RV 635 1976 6:15
Dixit Dominus (Psalm 109), for 4 voices, double chorus, 2 trumpets, 2 oboes, solo strings, strings and continuo D major, RV 594 1976 30:32
Magnificat, for 2 vocal soloists, chorus, strings and continuo in G minor (Venice Version), RV 611 1979 22:35
Beatus vir, (Psalm 111), for 3 voices, strings and continuo in B flat major, RV 598 1979 7:50
Kyrie, for double vocal soloists, double chorus, double strings and continuo, strings and continuo in G minor, RV 587 1976 10:48
Jubilate o amoeni chori, introduzione to Gloria (RV 588), for voice, two oboes, organ, strings and continuo in D major, RV 639 1979 5:27
Gloria, for 6 solo voices, chorus, trumpet, 2 oboes, 2 violins, 2 violas, 2 cellos, strings and continuo in D major, RV 588 1979 28:11
Credo, for chorus, strings and continuo in E minor, RV 591 1978 10:33
Credidi propter quod locutus sum (Psalm 115) , for 5-part chorus, strings and continuo in C major, RV 605 1978 8:35
Laetatus Sum (Psalm 121), for chorus, strings and continuo in F major, RV 607 1978 3:20
Domine ad adjuvandum me festina (Psalm 69), for soprano, double chorus, 2 oboes, double strings and continuo in G major, RV 593 1976 9:15
Beatus vir, (Psalm 111), for 5 voices, double chorus, 2 oboes, 2 organs, double strings and continuo in C major, RV 597 1976 29:49
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 1. Magnificat anima mea Dominum. Adagio 1979 1:28
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 2. Et exsultavit. Allegro 1979 2:14
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 3. Et misericordia sua. Andante molto 1979 3:01
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 4. Fecit potentiam. Presto 1979 0:30
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 5. Deposuit potentes. Allegro 1979 1:00
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 6. Esurientes. Allegro 1979 1:32
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 7. Suscepit Israel. Largo - Allegro - Adagio 1979 0:52
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 8. Sicut locutus est. Allegro ma non poco 1979 2:17
Magnificat in G minor, RV 610/611: 9. Gloria Patri. Largo - Andante - Allegro 1979 2:13
Credo, for 2 solo voices, chorus, oboe (ad lib), strings and continuo in G major (spurious, attributed to Hasse), RV 592 1979 11:58
Sacrum (Mass), for 4 vocal solosists, chours, 2 trumpets (ad lib), 2 violins, cello and continuo in C major (spurious), RV 586 1978 29:05
Ascende laeta, solo motet for voice, strings and continuo in A major (introduzione to Dixit Dominus), RV 635 1979 9:18
Dixit Dominus (Psalm 109 "of Prague"), for 5 voices, chorus, trumpet, 2 oboes, 2 cellos, strings and continuo in D, RV 595 1979 26:58
In Exitu Israel (Psalm 113), for chorus, strings and continuo in C major, RV 604 1978 4:07
Nisi Dominus (Psalm 126), for voice, viola d'amore, strings and continuo in G minor, RV 608 1990 19:48
Gaude mater ecclesia, hymn for voice, strings and continuo in B flat major, RV 613 1990 2:45
Salve Regina, antiphon for voice, double chorus, 2 recorders, flute, double strings and continuo in C minor, RV 616 1990 16:42
Salve Regina, antiphon for voice, violin, strings and continuo in F major, RV 617 1990 9:05
Salve Regina, antiphon for voice, double chorus, 2 oboes, double strings and continuo in G minor, RV 618 1990 12:41
Laudate Pueri Dominum (Psalm 112), for voice, flute, 2 oboes, strings and continuo in G major, RV 601 1990 22:44
Confitebor Tibi, Domine (Psalm 110), for 3 voices, 2 oboes, strings and continuo in C major, RV 596 1990 12:28
Regina Coeli, antiphon for voice, 2 trumpets, strings and continuo, in C major (fragment), RV 615 1990 5:02