Felix MENDELSSOHN (1809-1847)
Double Concerto for violin, piano and strings in D minor (version with winds and timpani) (1823) [35:07]
String Quintet No.2 in B flat major, Op.87 (version for string orchestra) (1845) [28:22]
Antje Weithaas (violin)
Alexander Lonquich (piano)
rec. 15-17 June 2010, Landgasthof, Riehen, Switzerland
CLAVES RECORDS 50-1102 [63:41]
Felix MENDELSSOHN (1809-1847)
Concerto for piano and strings in A minor (1822) [34:23]
Double Concerto for violin, piano and strings in D minor, (1823) [37:15]
Kristian Bezuidenhout (fortepiano)
Freiburger Barockorchester/Gottfried von der Goltz (violin and direction)
rec. April 2010, Telex Studio, Berlin, Germany
HARMONIA MUNDI HMC 902082 [71:40]
Two recent all-Mendelssohn releases, one on Claves and the other on Harmonia Mundi each including the Double Concerto, an infrequently heard score from the young composer. For Claves the Camerata Bern perform using modern instruments, metal strings and modern bows. On Harmonia Mundi early music specialists the Freiburger Barockorchester provide a fascinating contrast using period instruments.
Mendelssohnís A Midsummer Nightís Dream Overture and String Octet are both widely regarded as works of youthful genius. Contained on these two releases are even earlier scores - the Concerto for piano and strings in A minor and the Double Concerto for violin, piano and strings in D minor from 1822/23. At this time the precociously talented Mendelssohn, then a mere fourteen years old, had already composed over a hundred scores including twelve String Symphonies. Mendelssohn intended that he would be able to perform the Double Concerto with his friend the violinist Edward Rietz and they did this in 1823 in front of sixty guests at a Sonntagsmusiken (Sunday musicales) at the Mendelssohnís Berlin home. Mendelssohnís early concertos, composed in a flurry of activity in the early 1820s, comprise: Concerto for piano and strings in A minor (1822); Concerto for violin in D minor (1822); Double Concerto for violin, piano and strings in D minor (1823); Concerto for two pianos in E major (1823) and Concerto for two pianos in A flat major (1824). Most likely because these concertos are from the pen of a young teenager they fell into oblivion for many years and are still often overlooked today. Yet, owing to Mendelssohnís genius they contain many beautiful melodies, numerous fresh and novel ideas and will provide much pleasure.
The original scoring of the Double Concerto is the version that is performed here by the Freiburger Barockorchester. Commencing with a lengthy opening Allegro full of interest the excellent soloists perform with an impressive dialogue and awareness. Featuring an extended and charming unaccompanied duet for violin and fortepiano the attractive Adagio is given a satisfying performance so highly romantic in character. Creating a tempestuous feel the Freiburger Barockorchester take the Rondo, Finale at breakneck speed requiring real concentration and energy. Throughout the persuasive duo convey a real sense of engagement with the music.
Following that home-based private performance Mendelssohn felt inclined to re-score the Double Concerto by adding winds and timpani. Just over a week later the revision was performed at the Berlin Schauspielhaus. This version with winds and timpani was rediscovered among the Mendelssohn papers and this is what the Camerata Bern has chosen to perform. Claves state on the rear of the gatefold sleeve that this is the world premiŤre recording of the Double Concerto in the version with winds and timpani. There is beautiful playing from Weithaas and Lonquich in the extended opening Allegro. The violin is given a highly romantic feel more like a Brahms concerto than the classically inclined Mendelssohn. However, Weithaas is careful never to overdo the vibrato. In the Adagio with its substantial section for unaccompanied violin and piano the duo express an atmosphere of intense yearning. With unforced naturalness the prevailing mood is one of calm and relaxation. It would be hard to imagine a quicker tempo than that from the Camerata Bern in the Finale. The duo play with consistent charm and perception in a performance that exudes personality.
On Claves the Camerata Bern also perform the String Quintet No.2 composed in 1845 when Mendelssohn was thirty-six - only two years before his untimely death. Mendelssohn prepared a version for String Orchestra that Camerata Bern performs here. The Claves booklet notes state that this is its first recording. Breezy, fresh and very brisk playing opens the Allegro vivace movement with the slower central passages sustaining a tense undercurrent. The dance-like Andante scherzando is full of vivacity and charm contrasting nicely with the solemn and reverential tread of the Adagio e lento. I especially enjoyed the finale where thereís real energy and exhilaration.
The second score on the Harmonia Mundi disc from the Freiburger Barockorchester is the Concerto for piano and strings in A minor composed in 1822. Then only thirteen years old Mendelssohn had been inspired to write the score for his sister Fanny to play after hearing Hummelís A minor Piano Concerto. Soloist Kristian Bezuidenhout on the fortepiano plays this undemanding and appealing music quite exquisitely. The keyboard figurations and extended double trills are confidently performed. At 7:27-8:18 the introduction of the mournful strings over the fortepiano is a master-stroke. The highly romantic melody for the soloist is movingly played with rapt sensitivity. The writing in the Rondo, finale delights the ear. From 8:50 the brilliant Coda provides an exhilarating conclusion to this most agreeable score.
In the Double Concerto for violin, piano and strings it is hard to choose. The couplings for both issues are extremely interesting. It is very much down to whether you want an exciting performance on modern instruments with modern set-ups from Camerata Bern or a stirring period instrument approach from Freiburg. Donít let any previous bad experiences with the fortepiano put you off. Here Kristian Bezuidenhout plays a wonderful sounding fortepiano after Conrad Graf (1824) built in 1989 by Rodney Regier, USA.
With regard to sound quality the Harmonia Mundi disc catches the musicians closely with much colourful detail. My slight reservation is over-brightness in the forte passages. By comparison the Claves is splendidly recorded perhaps a touch bright at times but well balanced with much fine detail. The music of the young Mendelssohn is extremely well served by these two new releases. One could do much worse than add both releases to your Mendelssohn collection.
One could do much worse than add both releases to your Mendelssohn collection.