Felix MENDELSSOHN (1809-1847)
Symphony No.3 in A minor, Op.56 Scottish (1842) [32:42]
Symphony No.5 in D, Op.107 Reformation (c.1840) [26:51]
A Midsummer Nights Dream, Op.21 (1829) and Op.61 (1843) - I. Overture. Allegro di molto [11:43]: II. Song and Fairy Chorus Ye Spotted Snake [3:46] ¹
Overture - The Hebrides, Op.26 (1832) [9:19]
Overture - Die schöne Melusine, Op.32 (1833 rev 1835) [8:50]
String Quintet No.2 in B flat, Op.87 - III. Adagio e lento (1845) [7:54]
Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64 (1844) [23:39] ²
Symphony No.4 in A major, Op.90 Italian (1833) [25:54]
Edna Philips (soprano) ¹
Jascha Heifetz (violin) ²
NBC Symphony Orchestra/Arturo Toscanini
GUILD GHCD 2358-59 [75:55 + 76:18]
Though there is nothing new for the Toscanini broadcast collector in this commemorative twofer, it does handily enshrine pretty nearly all the conductor’s extant Mendelssohn performances. Missing is the Octet performance and the 1945 broadcast of the wind version of the same work’s Scherzo - a rare outing for that work from anyone at the time.
Under the rubric of the 200th Anniversary of the composer’s birth this Guild offering is tightly packed, well transferred, briefly, and usually cogently annotated by Robert Matthew-Walker, who seems to claim we are hearing the 1938 broadcast of the Italian symphony whereas we are actually presented with the 1954 broadcast. Maybe he was misinformed, because the track details are unambiguous on the subject.
As for the Scottish, this was his solitary performance of it with the NBC, with whom he performs all the broadcasts here. Malleably intense, harmonic scrutiny tends to win out over genuine lyricism and there are moments of inflated orchestral thrust. The second moment is hardly Vivace non troppo as marked, though it is characteristically exciting, whilst the slow movement is borne lightly, deftly and relatively quickly. The NBC flies by the seat of its collective pants in the finale where articulation comes under pressure. After the disappointment of the Scottish, the Reformation comes as balm though it too is not without its idiosyncrasies. The opening is finely controlled and Toscanini’s control of rubati is acute. The rhythmic bases of the music are equally well judged, though it’s certainly not a conventional approach. He is unusually expansive in the last movement, and this sense of stately pacing actually brings an increase in tension and an anticipation of the great chorale that is unleashed at the optimum moment with no little glory and solemnity. Is this Toscanini’s best single Mendelssohn performance? I tend to think so. The Midsummer Night’s Dream music is rather too taut, and is not really his kind of thing. It’s enjoyable to hear the brief Ye Spotted Snakes with soprano Edna Philips piping away.
Piping away is certainly not something that could ever be said of Jascha Heifetz. He and Toscanini never recorded the concerto commercially, thank God. The Vilnius wunderkind’s commercial outings in the work were pretty mediocre (Beecham, Munch) and his live meeting with Toscanini’s musical son, Cantelli, was an outright disaster. Breathless swank is the name of the game for this Toscanini meeting. He relaxes for the slow movement, it’s true, where one hears Toscanini moaning in sympathy, but Heifetz makes much of the passagework elsewhere sound like Rode. The hooded finger position intensifications only make it the more awful. Toscanini is no better. Fortunately we can listen to the Italian Symphony in a performance that doesn’t push the bounds of the music too far. There’s highly impressive control of localised detail but never at the expense of the architectural whole. Note the stalking lower strings in the slow movement and the cumulative fervour of the finale. The Hebrides is strongly argued with a good atmospheric quotient, but not at all rigid. And Die schöne Melusine, whilst quite brisk, is not overstated, its bass line remaining strongly defined. A most unusual example of inflation comes in the shape if the slow movement of the String Quintet No.2 in B flat, which allows for rich cantilena.
This is a handy twofer, well transferred. The performances are predominantly good.
see also review by John Sheppard
A handy twofer, well transferred with performances predominantly good