> Musique espagnole des 17e et 18e siècles pour orgue [ChA]: Classical Reviews- May 2002 MusicWeb(UK)






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Musique espagnole des 17e et 18e siècles pour orgue
Antonio MARTIN y COLL (c1660-1735)

Extraits de Flores de Musica 1 à 4 (1706-1709)
Organ works by: 1. Anonyme:
Obra de octavo tono, 2. Anonyme: Passacalles de primer tono, 3. Anonyme: Obra de segundo tono mana izquierda y dos bajos, 4. Anonyme: Obra de clarin, 5. Anonyme: Partido de mano derecha. Obra de tercer tono-Canción, 6. Diego XAVARA: Obra de lleno de tercer tono, 7. CAPOCIO: Gallarda, 8. Anonyme: Tiento de segundo tono por la mediacion, 9. Anonyme: Batalla famosa.
François Houtart, Organist
Organ by: Patrick Collon 1985, Church of Saint-Lambert, Brussels, Belgium
Recorded: August 1989, Church of Saint-Lambert, Brussels, Belgium
PAVANE RECORDS ADW 7209 [71’27’]
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This CD presents Spanish music of ‘the golden age of Cabezon to the dawn of the 18th century’. These pieces were collected in four books, the Flores de Musica, by Antonio Martín y Coll. In these collections we find a musical evolution, enriched by ‘the travels of the musicians and the contacts between the courts of Brussels and Madrid’.

The booklet gives no more than the basic references but it is justified since very little is known about this music. Martín y Coll was a composer, organist and theoretician. He wrote two theoretical treatises ‘on the practice of liturgical music, in 1714 and 1734’ and also a collection of his own pieces, which is the fifth book of the Flores de Musica. Some of the pieces in the first four books of the collection were identified as that of Cabezon and surprisingly that of Frescobaldi too. The collection presents a variety of forms and styles, influenced by Italian, French or Dutch music. ‘Obras, Cancións, Passacalles, Chaconas and Batallas are juxtaposed with sacred pieces such as mass versets, hymns and Magnificats. The majority of the pieces are written on two staves of five lines, while some use the numerical Spanish tablature’, as the booklet inform us. The four Obras pieces of this CD follow the Ricercar form; the Partido and Tiento are types of accompanied recitative, whereas the Passacaglia, the Galliard and the Batalla are the less typically Spanish pieces. These pieces in spite of their stereotyped form, have many changes in rhythms and also a chromatic writing, which is not characteristic of the period. The most virtuoso and well-written pieces are those of Xavara and Capocio.

The organ used for this recording, according to the organ builder, ‘speaks Spanish with a Brussels accent’. It is a one-keyboard instrument, equipped with some aggressive reeds and gentle flue stops. The music though, would had been sounded much more in the style, if it had been recorded on a Spanish organ.

As this music is not the best ever written, it certainly demands full commitment from the player in order to sound at its best. Unfortunately, Houtart’s playing does not give the music the appropriate weight and significance at all. He plays without inspiration and as a result the music sounds boring and undifferentiated; this in spite of the different texture of the pieces. He lacks rhythmic clearance and an energetic articulation that would represent successfully the brilliance of certain pieces, such as the Obra de clarin or the Batalla famosa. His playing is not clear with a lot of slips all way through. In general, Houtart’s playing does not succeed in giving a fair account of this music, which is full of colour and variety in many aspects.

Christina Antoniadou



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