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Petite Fleur: His 48 Finest

Retrospective RTS 4372 [78.39 + 79.34]


Disc 1 (1923-1941) Playing time: 78m. 39s.

1. Petite Fleur*

2. Wild Cat Blues

3. Kansas City Man Blues

4. Sweetie Dear

5. Maple Leaf Rag

6. Dear Old Southland

7. Okey-Doke*

8. Blackstick*

9. Really the Blues

10. Weary Blues

11. Summertime

12. High Society

13. Indian Summer

14. Sweet Lorraine

15. China Boy

16. Four or Five Times

17. Perdido Street Blues

18. Shake It and Break It

19. Wild Man Blues

20. Old Man Blues

21. Blues in Thirds

22. Ain’t Misbehavin’

23. Egyptian Fantasy*

24. The Sheik of Araby

25. When It’s Sleepy Time down South

Disc 2 (1941-1953) Playing Time: 79m. 34s.

1. I’m Coming, Virginia

2. Strange Fruit

3. Blues in the Air*

4. Twelfth Street Rag

5. Mood Indigo

6. After You’ve Gone

7. St. Louis Blues

8. Blue Horizon*

9. Milenberg Joys

10. Days Beyond Recall*

11. Out of the Gallion

12. Blame It on the Blues

13. Old Stack o’ Lee Blues*

14. Buddy Bolden Stomp*

15. Where Am I?*

16. I’ve Found a New Baby

17. Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams

18. Margie

19. Black and Blue

20. Le Marchand de Poissons*

21. Si Tu Vois Ma Mère*

22. The Black Bottom

23. C Jam Blues

*Bechet compositions

Among the many musicians and musical groups accompanying Bechet, who plays soprano sax or clarinet, are the following:

Clarence Williams, Noble Sissle, Tommy Ladnier, Louis Armstrong, Bunk Johnson, Mezz Mezzrow, Humphrey Lyttelton, Claude Luter; and, of course, Bechet’s own New Orleans Feetwarmers, the latter having varying personnel and size, from quartet to sextet.

All personnel, recording dates, and locations are given in the booklet.

Since this album is a “retrospective,” drawing from previously recorded and issued material in the thirty year period 1923-1953, Bechet devotees will undoubtedly already have all of the tracks on this double album; so its appeal will be mainly to those with gaps in their collections or those coming to Bechet for the first time.

As will become immediately obvious to anyone unfamiliar with Bechet, he was a force to be reckoned with, easily overpowering many—perhaps most—of those with whom he played. On soprano sax he had no equal, his command of that instrument displaying awesome technique. His vibrato was pronounced, almost a quivering, and his broad, powerful tone lent volume to the sound. As a result he dominated the front line. It took a very strong trumpet or cornet player to hold his ground with Bechet, but as one will hear in these CDs some good trumpet players did manage to do that.

Frequently he went without any fellow front-liners, which allowed him to indulge himself to the limit, the lead being entirely his. Quite often he was backed by two or three players only, essentially Bechet plus rhythm, as is often the form of his Feetwarmers. As might be surmised from this dominating aspect of his performances, Bechet had a considerable ego, which he indulged on stage and off. It can also be seen in the “one-man-band” track, The Sheik of Araby, where thanks to multi-track overdubbing, Bechet plays five instruments— soprano sax, tenor sax, clarinet, piano, bass, and drums—with varying degrees of proficiency.

Featured are several Bechet compositions, perhaps the most famous being Petite Fleur [Little Flower], the opening track on vol. 1. Monty Sunshine (clarinet) with the Chris Barber band from the U.K. recorded this tune in 1956, and it later went on to land among the top ten of the hit parades in both the U.S. and the U.K. Other well-known Bechet compositions, at least among traditional jazz bands, areLe Marchand de Poissons [The Fish Seller] and Si Tu Vois Ma Mère [If You See My Mother].

Bechet’s life** was a bit turbulent—in 1922 he was deported from England after 11 days in jail for assaulting a prostitute; later he spent eleven months in jail in Paris for shooting a woman, an act he claimed was accidental as he meant to shoot a musician who had insulted .him, and he was deported to New York in 1929. According to many who knew Bechet, his manner was a little abrasive; so the gentleness, the tenderness, of Petite Fleur and of Si Tu Vois Ma Mère is somewhat unexpected. Si Tu Vois Ma Mère may be seen as analogous to another “mother allusion,” that of painter James McNeill Whistler’s Portrait of His Mother, something of a tribute, perhaps. It seems that Bechet enjoyed a good relationship with his mother, who encouraged him from a young age to pursue his musical bent. The French titles he gave his compositions (others being Dans les Rues d'Antibes[In the Streets of Antibes] and Les Oignons [ The Onions], which are not included in this set) also may be a nod to the last eight years of his life spent in Paris.

In spite of his being a difficult person to get along with but probably because of his musical prowess, Bechet played with many of the jazz giants of his day. In addition to those mentioned above, musicians such as Jelly Roll Morton, “Big” Sid Catlett, Sidney de Paris, Zutty Singleton, Earl Hines, J. C. Higginbotham, Rex Stewart, Henry “Red” Allen, Willie “The Lion” Smith, Vic Dickenson, Pops Foster, Art Hodes, Wild Bill Davidson, and so many others, appeared and recorded with Bechet, and all of them can be found on one track or another in this two-volume set.

Bechet was “one of a kind.” He took the playing of the soprano sax to a height never previously attained and perhaps not yet equaled. This compilation—arguably his “Finest” forty-eight, as the title claims—provides a very comprehensive overview of his accomplishments and gives support to his deservedly holding a place in the jazz pantheon.

**Anyone wishing more details can find them in John Chilton’s Sidney Bechet: The Wizard of Jazz (N.Y., 1987). Another book titled Treat It Gentle (London, 1962) is Bechet’s autobiography, dictated to Al Rose. The title is rather ironic, and in the recounting Bechet depicts himself as a kind, gentle individual, two qualities absent from his character, according Rose: "The kindly old gentleman in his book was filled with charity and compassion. The one I knew was self-centered, cold, and capable of the most atrocious cruelty, especially toward women."

Bert Thompson

see also review by Glyn Pursglove

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