This is a book for serious and genuine music lovers since it treats of a
composer who was that himself. As Robert Simpson points out, Holmboe was
also a genius.
He had a healthy interest in life. He observed the growing of plants and
trees, natural processes and such discipline is found in his music. Trees
grow quietly without pomposity and hype, confident in their purpose and function.
So it is with quality music. The author speaks of music as art in the sense
of skill and technique which evolves naturally; he speaks of it as culture
and states that a country without a serious music culture is a dead country.
He quotes from Niels Steenson and applies the quote to great music, "by far
the most beautiful things are those we do not comprehend." There is in music
literature some works that are so beautiful and skilful that words can never
express them and we will never comprehend why they are so beautiful; it is
incomprehensively so. Berlioz found this so when he distressed himself because
of his failure to describe the beauty of the slow movement of Beethoven's
Symphony No 4; the slow movement of Bruckner's Symphony No 8
is another case in point as Simpson once pointed out.
Holmboe reminds us that human development depends on thought and culture
and the reward comes when we are involved with our minds. He continues, "Music
is part of our culture and it demands effort." Superficial enjoyment results
in passive stagnation. People who use music as a background are not attending
to it; those who fuss about it being theoretical, mathematical, formal or
historical are missing the point. Examining boards fuss over students' correct
playing of musical ornaments and there is such a palaver about authenticity
and how Bach would have played it. Does it matter? Music is an expression
of the soul, not how many notes to play in a trill. As Holmboe says, music
must have a direct experience; it must have its lifeless building blocks
and they must be of quality and assembled with thought and care.
When Holmboe talks about the skill of composing he makes the valid point
that composing is of the will. If it is merely feelings you may write some
good tunes and many composers have done so and little else ... no structure,
no form and no logic. The author states that composing is a "self-forgetting
state where any objectives and desires, hopes and ambitions disappear. You
are no longer conscious of yourself ..."
Many will take issue on this but read his exegesis. He is absolutely right
in what he says, music intentionally written for fame and fortune will always
be cheap in some way or another. If you consider the greatest music, little
is dedicated to royalty or is self-indulgent. Consider the masterworks of
Mozart, Beethoven and Bartók for example ... they were written to
be music and music alone.
The author deals with musical thinking. If you are a musician you have the
capacity to be able to accurately think about music. However, if I have never
driven a car, I cannot possibly think like a car-driver and you would hesitate
about me driving your car.
Just as the real composer must and does compose merely for music's sake,
so the performer must also follow the composer's intentions ... if he alters
them he is setting himself above the composer. As Holmboe writes, "The composer
does not want to be the victim of misinterpretation or outrageous distortion."
And yet, there are performers and conductors who are guilty of musical slander
and libel and are still fawned over. To my mind, such conductors are frauds
but I had better not mention any names or proven cases here. A performer
has not only to have the skill and technique but the understanding of the
music. Interpretation is not how I think it should go but how the composer
wants it to go.
An interesting chapter follows on listening to music ... note, not hearing
it ... and how a bad performance can deter a listener from a piece for ever.
I heard a famous youngish British conductor in Birmingham perform Sibelius'
Symphony No 5. It was simply awful and this was clearly the conductor's
fault. My companion vowed never to hear the piece again. "We can have a different
effect each time we hear a piece," says Holmboe. But it is equally true that
some works, however often you hear them, always command attention. The author
rightly says that pop music is entertainment but real music meets emotional
and intellectual needs. The real music lover is not out to be entertained
but to be inspired.
We proceed to the problem of modern music and how many so-called music lovers
are uninterested, disapproving and sometimes rancorous about it. Some display
a vicious attitude. They want music to be something to hug your comfort blanket
to and suck your thumb to. But music, of whatever age, has to be assessed
as to its skill and not its security of 'pretty tunes'. The unfamiliar or
unusual causes prejudicial distress and people long for the safety of the
shores of predictability. "Culture will die if there are no new challenges,"
I have written enough to encourage you, I hope, to buy this book but beware,
it may raise some questions you do not want to answer. It may change your
thinking and cause you to look at music differently but with greater rewards
at the end.
The book also contains an interesting essay on Carl Nielsen.