Aureole etc.

Golden Age singers

Nimbus on-line

Faure songs
Charlotte de Rothschild (soprano);

  Founder: Len Mullenger
Classical Editor: Rob Barnett


Antonio VIVALDI (1678-1741)

Concerto for flautino, strings and basso continuo in D major, op. 10/3 ‘Il gardellino’, RV 428 [08:59]
Concerto for alto recorder, strings and basso continuo ‘tutti gli instrumenti sordini’ in F major, op. 10/5, RV 434 [08:42]
Concerto for alto recorder, strings and basso continuo in G major, op. 10/6, RV 437 [07:19]
Concerto for strings and basso continuo in g minor, RV 155 [08:48]
Concerto for alto recorder, 2 violins and basso continuo in F major, RV 108 [07:25]
Concerto for tenor recorder, strings and basso continuo in G major, RV 438 [09:12]
Concerto for strings and basso continuo in a minor, RV 127 [04:08]
Maurice Steger (recorders)
I Barocchisti/Diego Fasolis
Recorded in April and June (RV 108) 2000 at the Auditorio Stelio Molo, Lugano, Switzerland DDD
CLAVES CD 50-2010 [54:39]
CD available for post-free online mail-order or you may download individual tracks. For some labels you can download the entire CD with a single click and make HUGE savings. The price you see is the price you pay! The full booklet notes are available on-line.

NOTE • Click on the button and you can buy the disc or read the booklet details • You can also access each track which you may then sample or down load. • Further Information.

Vivaldi lived in a time that saw the gradual decline of the recorder in favour of the transverse flute. It is thought that Vivaldi's meeting with the German composer and flute virtuoso Johann Joachim Quantz in 1726 was the main stimulus for him to write for the transverse flute. That resulted in the publication of his opus 10, around 1728 in Amsterdam, containing six concertos for transverse flute, first and second violin, viola and basso continuo. Five of these concertos had already been composed in Venice, in the first decade of the century. One difference between the two versions is the instrumentation: most of the early versions contain parts for oboe and bassoon. One could say that the adaptations - perhaps by Vivaldi, perhaps by someone else - are more 'conventional', and therefore more suited to general use all over Europe. If someone would like to play these concertos on the recorder, one would expect him to use the early versions: the concertos 5 and 6 are specifically scored for 'flauto', meaning the recorder. But in this recording the opus 10 versions are played on the recorder, which is dubious. In particular in the third concerto of this set, with the description 'Il gardellino' ('the goldfinch'), the use of the recorder is debatable. Even the early version (RV 90) is scored for 'flauto trav', the transverse flute.

Another feature of this recording is the use of a relatively large orchestra of eleven strings. Karsten Erik Ose, in his programme notes, states that Vivaldi's orchestra was famous for its use of dynamic effects. "Such dynamic effects are much more effective with an expanded string section than in smaller formations." That may be true, but should that practice be applied to all concertos? As the opus 10 concertos were intended for the European market, why should they be played the Venetian way? Apart from that the general view is that - as Christopher Hogwood, in the programme notes to his recording of opus 10 writes - "Vivaldi expected the same balance of forces as in the original with three equal soprano parts". That implies a performance with one instrument per part.

The first work on this CD is the most problematic. In particular here the equality of the three soprano parts is important, since not only the flute, but also the two violins are imitating birdsongs. But the bird motifs played by the violins are overpowered by the penetrating sound of the flautino. Karsten Erik Ose writes that "the use of a high recorder is in itself programmatic, for what other instrument is predestined to imitate bird song?" I'm sorry, but this is complete rubbish. Has he never heard one of Handel's most famous arias, 'Sweet bird', from 'L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato'? It is hard to find a more effective imitation of bird singing than Handel has written here for the transverse flute.

Another matter is the use of ornamentation. I think generosity in this regard is stylistically correct, but here it is overdone. One may assume that Vivaldi knew what he was doing when he composed the solo part as an imitation of bird singing. In this case the player should stick to what the composer has written down.

Sample 1 Track 1 0:00

Certainly the orchestra has a ‘Latin flavour’. Although based in Lugano in Switzerland it shares many of the features of Italian baroque orchestras, like extreme tempi and the general virtuosity of the string playing. Often that works very well. But sometimes, as here, it is counterproductive; all elegance goes out of the window because of the aggressive sound of the strings.

Of the three concertos from opus 10, the fifth is played reasonably well. The aggressive sound is literally ‘muted’ here, since it has to be played with ‘sordino’. But the 6th Concerto again suffers from the general rudeness of the orchestral playing.

Fortunately, the rest of the CD is a lot better. The string concertos are very well played. The leader, Duilio Galfetti, uses the opportunity to add some graceful ornamentation to the solo passages in RV 155.

Sample 2 Track 12 0:46

The early concerto RV 108 is also done quite nicely, with rhythmic vitality in the fast movements, and much grace and expression in the ‘largo’ in the middle. But even here there is something to criticise: why on earth is a mandolin used as basso continuo instrument?

Sample 3 Track 14 0:00

Vivaldi’s flute concertos belong to his most popular works, and there are many good recordings available. This one certainly offers a different kind of interpretation, but is only partially convincing. ‘Different’ doesn’t necessarily imply ‘better’.

Johan van Veen

CD Price: £ 11.50 Post-free Air Mail World-wide
- Download Price:
£ 7.11
Buy CD:
Download all tracks:

(minimum 30 secs)

Concerto in D major, Opus 10/3:



Concerto in F major, Opus 10/5:
Allegro con molto

Largo e cantabile


Concerto in G major, Opus 10/6:



Concerto in G minor, RV 155:




Concerto in A minor, RV 108:



Concerto in G major, RV 438:



Concerto in A minor, RV 127:



You require QuickTime to listed to samples.

Get a free QuickTime download here

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION • You can sample only 30 seconds (or 15% if that is longer) of a given track. Select from the View tracks list. Each sample will normally start from the beginning but you can drag the slider to any position before pressing play. • PLEASE NOTE: If you are behind a firewall and the sound is prematurely terminated you may need to register Ludwig as a trusted source with your firewall software. •You will need Quicktime to hear sound samples. Get a free Quicktime download here • If you cannot see the "Sample All Tracks" button you need to download Flash from here.

Return to Index

Untitled Document

Reviews from previous months
Join the mailing list and receive a hyperlinked weekly update on the discs reviewed. details
We welcome feedback on our reviews. Please use the Bulletin Board
Please paste in the first line of your comments the URL of the review to which you refer.