Search this site

powered by FreeFind
Sir Arnold Bax Website
Sir Arnold Bax
Sir Arnold Bax
Sir Arnold bax
Photo Gallery
Biographical Sketch
Score Information
Essays and Articles


























Last Modified: June 20, 1999


When I wrote my book on Bax I had only heard one performance of the Left Hand Concertante, that given by Douglas Fox at Oxford on a very snowy night in 1969.  Later, between the two editions of my book, I encountered Harriet Cohen's French Radio performance which, frankly, was no better.  In both the orchestra could not really cope.  So it was wonderful to hear it played by a top line orchestra, with Margaret Fingerhut's crisp yet poetic performance of the solo part.  For me it was a revelation.

When I suggested that its frequent performance during Bax's last years did his reputation a disservice, I meant that by being represented by an "easy" and comparatively lightweight piece, the virile, epic, romantic Bax was forgotten.   The same was true when the First, Second and Sixth Symphonies were little heard, and Bax tended to be represented by numbers Four and Seven.  Lovely works, but lacking the grit of the ones that were then neglected, before even they fell out of performance altogether.

In fact, now hearing the Concertante so beautifully presented, one becomes aware of the music's strengths.  I must say I do not always care for Bax's late music when he is using those "Indians coming down the Hudson" rhythms, as early on in the first movement. But the second subject of the first movement, particularly at its reprise, is so close to the poetic moments of the earlier epic piano concerto Winter Legends, exploring that work's most magical vein in two wonderful passages, that we realise that Bax is not entirely divorced from his pre-war romanticism.

Then the slow movement, which on its own is revealed as a lovely encore, well able to replace the delightful "Morning Song" on any recorded music programmes.  While the whole work  is not on the scale, emotional or musical, of the Symphonic Variations or Winter Legends, nor is it a work on which a great reputation could solely rest, it is nevertheless a worthwhile one, and I hope it will may be taken up again from time to time.

Mentioning Winter Legends, it is interesting that this programme includes three works where Bax alludes to himself in all three; looking back to Winter Legends in the Left Hand Concertante and to Into the Twilight in the second song of The Bard of the Dimbovitza; while in In Memoriam he looks forward to the exultant climactic moment of the slow movement of the Second Symphony, in a remarkable thematic link which must set thinking all who have wondered at the tragic Second Symphony's motivation. I find that all such resonances and allusions add to the enjoyment and understanding of this remarkable composer.

While I cannot review this record as I devised the programme and, on behalf of the Sir Arnold Bax Trust, promoted the performance and recording.  But I must say that to my mind it has turned out remarkably well and illuminates so many aspects of Bax's life and music; while each piece is one that one will surely return to again and again on this CD.  A truly heartfelt "thank you" is due to the artists involved for making such a success of the scheme.

CHAN 9715


Symphony No 6 (1934), Tintagel (1920), Overture to Adventure (1937), Munich SO/Douglas Bostock.  (63:08 secs)

by Robert Barnett

Of the cordillera of Bax's Seven Symphonies, the Sixth is the undoubted peak. Including this one, there have been only three commercial recordings: Norman Del Mar's Lyrita from 1965 which has never been transferred to CD and Bryden Thomson's Sixth. Del Mar's still stunning account remains unavailable and would be a strong contender  despite its vintage and the oddly spot-lit recording. The Thomson on Chandos is a modern recording but is afflicted with astrange lassitude. Bax's symphonies tempt a certain Delian meandering but benefit from a strong forward pulse even in the most lyrical moments.  Bostock (a Thomson pupil) captures the spirit of fantasy and adventure so well in an account drenched in a potent blend of magic and violence. He does not allow proceedings to descend into an invertebrate dream but injects a sense of urgency and conflict and keeps things moving. He is clearly sensitive also to Bax's love affair with beauty just out of reach and suggests this in the sense of joy lost and the peaceful but enchanted resignation of the closing pages. Tintagel is given the best performance I have heard bar only the original Eugene Goossens set of 78s from the 1920s. Bostock and his German orchestra are concentrated and passionate in projecting a sea-spattered and urgently romantic canvas. This vies only with the early Decca Boult recording and is of course a much better recording than the Decca. Lastly we have a recording premiere in the brightly swashbuckling Overture to Adventure  written for Dan Godfrey's successor at Bournemouth, Richard Austin. The orchestra is enthusiastic and accomplished lacking only the last ounce of sumptuous tone in the strings by comparison with Del Mar's mid-sixties Philharmonia. The overture is in the spirit of many British overtures of the 1930s and 1940s having something in common with Moeran's ENSA-commissioned Overture to a Masque. Fine recording. Good notes though anonymous. A very strong cross-section and a recommended collection featuring the key masterwork in the Bax  output. Confidently recommended.

ClassicO CLASSCD 254


Fantasy Sonata; Harp Quintet; In Memoriam (1916); Sonata
for flute and harp; Valse solo harp. Marcia Dickstein (hp), Angela
Wiegand (fl), Leslie Reed (cor ang), Natalie Leggett, Rene Mandel
(vns), Evan Wilson, Simon Oswell (vas), Timothy Landauer (cello).
RCM CD: RCM 19801

by Graham Parlett

 We have been treated to some really excellent CDs of Bax's chamber works over the last couple of years, notably the two complementary  collections on Hyperion (CDA66807) and Chandos (CHAN 9602). Now comes a new disc containing wonderfully full-blooded performances of Bax's harp music from the Los Angeles-based label RCM. (This has nothing to do with the Royal College of Music, by the way; the  initials stand for 'Rubedo Canis Musica', which the company translates as 'Red Dog Music', though what Bax - not to mention my old Latin teacher - would have said to that I'm not sure.) The programme begins with the world première recording of a short Valse  that the  composer wrote for Sidonie Goossens in 1931 as a 'thank you' after she had given the second performance of his Fantasy Sonata. This is a curious jeu d'esprit-Bax's only work for unaccompanied harp-with a 'key' signature unique in his output, namely an F sharp and a B flat, indicating a combination of the Lydian and Mixolydian modes centred on C.  It receives a vigorous performance from Marcia Dickstein, who has also edited and published the score (Fatrock Ink, through Theodore Presser in the USA and Universal Edition in the UK). After waiting eighty-one years for a first recording, In Memoriam (1916) for cor anglais, harp and string quartet (1917) can now boast  two performances on CD. The Chandos recording is slower and in places more reflective than the new one, which brings out the passionate feelings that underlie the score, its 'inspiration' deriving from the terrible events in Ireland during 1916. Both interpretations are very good indeed, though the RCM first violinist sustains her final high notes more securely than in the rival recording. There have been no fewer than nine recordings of the Fantasy Sonata for viola and harp (1927): two on 78s (both with Maria Korchinska, the dedicatee), two on LP, one on cassette only, and four on CD  (including one, on the Koch label, still to be issued); there is also  a version with the harp part played on the piano (Olympia). Some performances of this work have been rather lacklustre, but this new  one stands among the very best. The viola tone is strong and rich and Evan Wilson plays with great feeling and authority.  Perhaps the opening could have been taken slightly faster-the marking is Allegro molto-but thereafter the tempi are very well chosen and the players  are able to integrate a structure that, in lesser hands, can sound  rambling and episodical. The dance-like second movement in  particular goes with a real swing, while Dickstein and Wilson play the closing pages of the work with ecstatic fervour. The Harp Quintet (1919) has not fared nearly as well on disc. Neither the Chandos nor the Hyperion version really does the work justice, and my favourite recording has hitherto been the old 1950s one played  by Laura Newell with the Stuyvesant Quartet on a mono LP (long out of print and never reissued) on the American Philharmonia label.  However, I think this new version is even finer. Bax's initial tempo indication, Tempo Moderato, tends to inhibit performers, and it is refreshing to find Ms. Dickstein and her colleagues playing the  opening with a greater sense of forward movement than usual. There is  great fire and passion in the faster sections and delicacy in the  quieter passages.  An altogether heart-warming version of this beautiful work. To end the programme, Marcia Dickstein and Angela Wiegand give a  marvellous performance of the Sonata for flute and harp (1928), which  Bax later arranged as a Concerto for septet (to be found on the recent Chandos chamber music disc). This again was only recorded for the first time a few years ago but has now notched up three versions.  The Beynon sisters' performance on Metier (MSV CD92006) is first-rate, better played, I feel, than the French version on the Arion label, which also includes several wrong notes thanks to the inaccurate printed score that the performers used. In the outer movements both the Beynons and Dickstein/Wiegand give sparkling performances, but in the beautiful slow movement the newcomers reveal  a wider variety of moods than their rivals, especially the music's unexpected sinister side. Incidentally, the title of this piece is given on the CD as 'Sonatina', which is how it appears on the manuscript. However, it was first performed as 'Sonata', and this seems to have been Bax's preferred title and the one under which it has been previously recorded. Before making her own recording, Marcia Dickstein made a thorough study of a photocopy of the manuscript and  found a huge number of errors in the score published in the USA. Her own definitive edition is published, like the Valse, by Fatrock Ink. The quality of the recording is excellent ('true 20-bit digital'), and the attractively produced booklet is enlivened by Ms Dickstein's  enthusiastic notes.  However, the Arnold Bax Society to which she refers to several times hasn't existed for twenty-five years: I think she must mean the Sir Arnold Bax Trust. And in case anyone who has read the notes gets hot under the collar at the implication that Lewis Foreman and I have been despatching original manuscripts across the Atlantic, I should point out that it was photocopies of the Sonata and Valse that were provided, not the holograph scores themselves. Marcia Dickstein, who devised the programme and plays  superbly throughout, is to be warmly thanked for all the hard work  that she must have put into getting this CD made. I hope that it may  now be possible for her to record Bax's remaining harp works: Elegiac Trio, Threnody and Scherzo, Concerto for seven instruments, the Vivaldi Concerto arrangement for harp and string quartet, and perhaps  even Of a Rose I Sing, a Song for chorus, harp, cello and double bass,  and the Variations on the Name Gabriel Fauré for harp and string  orchestra. Strongly recommended.
(c) Graham Parlett

RCM CD: RCM 19801



BAX:  Piano Sonata in E flat (1921)
SCRIABIN: Fantasy Op 28 (1900)
FRANCK: Prélude, Chorale and Fugue (1884)
Noemy Belinkaya (piano) Max Sound Bnai Brith cassette ONLY MSCB104

by Rob Barnett

I was pleased to discover the existence and survival (it was issued in 1989) in the catalogue of the Jewish Musical Heritage Trust. The Jewish connection here is in the soloist who is a Latvian living in Israel. The works were recorded during 1989 in the ample though not over-plush acoustic of London’s Wigmore Hall.

The sonata dates from 1921 and was the famous (well at least among Bax fans) work which signalled that Bax had in fact written a symphony. His friends Arthur Alexander and Harriet Cohen persuaded him to produce a symphony from it. This became Symphony No 1 (recently issued on a Naxos CD) although the central movement of the
piano sonata was discarded and a completely new one written. Here we have the original piano sonata with the two outer movements we are familiar with from the symphony. The sonata receives a glimmeringly powerful performance at a high voltage. The Russian temperament comes across very well in a work obviously influenced by Bax’s romantic adventure in Tsarist Russia in 1910. The language much affected by Balakirev, Glazunov and Scriabin is similar to the tumultuous bell-like music of the numbered first piano sonata. This performance was also available on  an Ensemble cassette (again no CD) ENS136. The Ensemble cassette had the advantage of more Bax as a coupling though the unbelievably off-key title of ‘Bax Bonanza’. For the record the other items on the cassette were Fantasy Sonata for viola and harp and the Polish Christmas Carol Fantasies. There is some pre-echo on
the Maxsound tape but no more than expected and only apparent at very high listening volumes. There used to be a CD of this sonata (Continuum CCD1045) but I believe that Continuum are now no longer available. In any event the performance by John McCabe was uncharacteristically low voltage or at least lower than the flood unleashed by Belinkaya.

The Scriabin and Franck works receive romantically free-wheeling performances though the Franck tends toward the turgid. Whether this is the work or the performance I cannot say. The recording is fine but with the inescapable though very discreet tape hiss. The cassette is certainly worth seeking out by any Bax enthusiast. A no-compromise performance of a commanding Bax score.
© Robert Barnett

The cassette (there is no CD) can be ordered from the Trust for £7.99
plus £1 Post and Packing in UK and £2 outside UK. Phone 0181 909 2445
Fax 0181 909 1030. E-mail enquiries to

Octet (horn, piano, string sextet) (1934), String Quintet (1933), Concerto for flute, oboe, harp and string quartet (1936), Threnody and Scherzo for bassoon, harp and string sextet (1936), In Memoriam for cor anglais, harp and string quartet (1917) - (All Recording Premieres)- Margaret Fingerhut (piano); Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields Chamber Ensemble. (71:43 secs)

by Robert Barnett

Here, in a lovingly recorded and generous anthology, is the answer to Baxians' entreaties and prayers. In one lacuna-filling disc Chandos have given us five recording premieres. All of these are works which are rare even on radio … never mind in concert! With the Chandos CDs of the Piano Quintet (an epic symphony for a chamber group and not to be missed!); String Quartet No. 1 and the Nash Ensemble's excellent Hyperion collection of more 'mainstream' chamber Bax, this CD fills out yet more of the landscape of Bax's music. It also means that ageing radio tapes can be relegated to the back of the cupboard.

Recording quality is rich and deep without being too plush. All strands come over clearly and make a telling effect. The performances are lovingly shaped by the Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields (ASMF).

The core around which other soloists come and go throughout these works is a string quartet lead by veteran Kenneth Sillito. The harpist is Skaila Kanga who was also the soloist on the very early Chandos LP (and then CD) which coupled String Quartet No. 1, the Piano Quartet and the Harp Quintet. In the Octet the ASMF are joined by Margaret Fingerhut whose artistry has already given us the Bax Saga Fragment, Winter Legends and the Symphonic Variations, all on Chandos. Perhaps her Irish and Ukrainian ancestry account for her obvious empathy for the music.

None of the five works is all that long. The longest, at about 20 minutes, is the Concerto; the shortest is In Memoriam (1916). All but this last work date from Bax's vintage Northern years: the 1930s. Echoes of the symphonies of that era can be heard but in a format which is perhaps less intimidating. Certainly these works avoid the clichéed criticism of dense glutinous textures. Speeds are brisk but there is plenty of repose and that essential willingness to dream momentarily. There is much tough magic and glimmering beauty in these scores and it is well caught in these performances.

The Octet opens as if a horn concerto with plenty of exposure for this super-romantic instrument. The performance has a nice sense of poise, playfulness and heroism. Fingerhut makes her contribution as one of the ensemble though commandingly presented here and once or twice Winter Legends-like rippling figurations call to mind that symphony manqué. Highly attractive and certainly high-water-mark Bax.

The String Quintet (1933) is an intense work and is well presented here. Interesting to hear at least one echo of RVW's 'Snows at Christmas' from On Wenlock Edge. It is not a work I will want to return to that often but I am glad it is there for discovery and reappraisal.

The Concerto (1936) is the longest work here with three movements of varying emotional landscape and incident. The first is bright and flowing. The second offers an evocation of a Curlew-like wasteland without quite the intensity of bleakness and devastation of Warlock's cycle though still powerful and attention-holding. The third movement offers bright and arresting music. The richer variegated palate offered by these forces is well used and we should be grateful that Bax transcribed it from its original format as a sonata for flute and harp. The ensemble matches that of Ravel's Introduction and Allegro and ensembles should seriously consider this piece as an unhackneyed companion to Ravel's delicate world.

Among the rarest works here is the Threnody and Scherzo. The Threnody harks back to the Third Symphony in its main theme. There is a tranced otherworldliness about the piece which is not without bubbling wit which is in much in evidence in the Scherzo.

With In Memoriam we come back to Bax's Irish soul. The sense of concentration is at its highest here and Bax was clearly gripped when he was writing the piece. The power of this recalling of happy days and heroes lost still has the power to shake. The textures are almost orchestral and the spectre of The Firebird stands over a number of incidents in what Bax called his Irish Elegy. It stands as one of Bax's strongest works.

The CD is topped off by notes by Lewis Foreman. These are, as usual, informative and well written. The booklet is in Chandos' usual trilingual format. Booklet design is excellent. Too easy to overlook the acknowledgements on p. 22 of the booklet which note the help and support of the Bax Trust and Nicholas Briggs who appears to have played an important part in bringing this disc into existence. Thanks then go to Chandos, the Trust and to Mr Briggs. The disc is warmly recommended. © Robert Barnett

Chandos CD CHAN 9602

In the Faery Hills; The Garden of Fand; Symphony No. 1. Royal Scottish National Orchestra conducted by David Lloyd-Jones. CD only. 64:05. Naxos 8.553525 DDD stereo. Bargain

by Robert Barnett

Here at last is the first issue in this Naxos project which, when completed, will give the first ever Bax symphony cycle with one conductor and one orchestra. Lyrita used various orchestras and conductors and Chandos regrettably switched away from the Ulster Orchestra after recording Symphony No. 4 and some tone poems with them. Something went out of the veins of that project when that happened. Rumours of a Handley Bax symphony cycle (on EMI Eminence) to match his RVW cycle never came to anything. Although I have not given up hope yet, our best chance of hearing Handley in Bax symphonies may well be the reissue of radio tapes from the early 1970s though even then he did not broadcast all them (only 3, 5, 6 and 7).

The warmest of welcomes then to this Naxos project. This is the first issue in a series which will encompass all the Bax symphonies and major tone poems. The series is planned to be complete by the end of 2000. Symphonies 2, 3 and 5 are already, I believe, in the can along with a selection of tone poems. The 'cordillera' of the Bax symphonies has many and varied summits. No. 2 is a peak but so also are numbers 5 (dedicated to Sibelius) and pre-eminently No. 6 (dedicated originally and revealingly to Szymanowski but finally switched to Sir Adrian Boult). Personally I hope that Naxos will extend the series to include Spring Fire and Winter Legends and it might even be worthwhile to look at some of the even earlier orchestral efforts.

I first came to hear any of Bax's music while a business studies student in the very early 1970s. This was while I was living in Torquay in Devon miles away from the main cultural centres. At that stage I relied on radio broadcasts and LPs borrowed from the library. Buying a Bax LP was out of the question: all of the Lyrita orchestral series were at full price. 

Naxos are to be thanked in the most practical way by buying their recordings. They have made available a wealth of rare, worthwhile and often masterful and enjoyable music at bargain and super-bargain price. Naxos are also remarkable because their CDs are also sold in places other than specialist CD outlets. Large racks of Naxos CDs can be found in Woolworths and other venues. They have played a role in democratising music; surely significant at a time when my (rather distant) impression is that the average age of concert audiences is increasing. Let's start hearing Bax's music being used in commercials and getting some more exposure! His music has been used as background to adaptations of children's TV and radio serials (Tintagel in 'Treasure Island') and I recall November Woods being used in the 'Onedin Line'.

Well, enough of the polemics and the nostalgia! What about this recording? The Royal Scottish National Orchestra is a full-size orchestra needing very little, if any, augmentation. Its approach to repertoire is liberal (note its successful forays into film music). Alexander Gibson and Neeme Järvi established its Northern and international credentials. Now they have ventured into Bax a composer whose soul-allegiances were assuredly both Northern and Western, Atlantic and Gaelic. Bax's regard for Sibelius and his music (which was also reciprocated) is well-known. The RSNO are no strangers to Sibelius having recorded the symphonies and tone poems under Gibson. Gibson's Classics for Pleasure/EMI LP of Sibelius Pelléas and Mélisande was and remains a classic. It will be interesting to hear the accents and approach of the orchestra in the more centrally Northern works such as Symphonies 5 and 6 and Tale the Pine Trees Knew. 

The pieces on this CD all have an Irish accent and subject matter. Personally I would not get too wound up in the stories and plots behind the two tone poems. I have always found literary plots distracting. The emotional 'plot' of the music is all you need. However it is good that in Keith Anderson's notes all of the plot details are there if you really want them. But I repeat that tussling with which part of each section of music represents a particular episode is a pretty destructive and arid exercise. 

The pieces are all comparatively early, with the symphony being the latest. In any event the music dates from well before Bax (or listeners) had any grounds for thinking that his inspiration had burnt low or flickered out. In these years Bax's compositional confidence was high and musical invention flowed strongly.

The insert booklet has very full notes. The main section of the notes are also in French and German omitting artist profiles and some of the background on the Bax piece. Booklet design is simple but effective. Irish green predominates. Everything is legible and no sign of the arty effects so beloved of those often given free rein for these things - we can all think of examples. I fail to see why imagination in design of such things is often at the expense of utilitarian qualities such as legibility. The eldritch green-toned painting 'Twilight' by William J Webbe (can anyone tell me more about him?) is in character with the preternatural elements of the music.

The recording is strong on clarity and depth. If anything the recording favours the exuberant brass and it does so to very great effect. I say this despite the very modest and rather ancient nature of my hifi setup. 

The sessions were in the Henry Wood Hall, Glasgow on 31 January 1996. The engineer and producer is Tim Handley (a relative of Vernon Handley?)

I wonder if some of the excitement with which this series has been deservedly greeted is the sense of joy that there is to be a sequel to the Chandos Bryden Thomson series. I bought each of those Chandos CDs as they were issued but with few exceptions I found that they presented the music less than ideally. Bryden Thomson's Symphony No. 4 with the Ulster Orchestra was, and remains, wonderful as also does his Winter Legends and one or two other items. However much of the series was afflicted with a somnolent approach to the driving forces in Bax's music. My impression is that the many beauties of the music tempted Thomson into slower tempi and not enough variation. This was accentuated by the plush and resplendent Chandos recording textures. There are static, almost Delian, moments in Bax but they must be allowed to stand as part of an overall forward-moving, driven approach. This is something which Vernon Handley has commented on before in interview with Ian Lace. David Lloyd-Jones, a conductor with the strongest British music credentials, is clearly sensitive to the need to keep the music moving forward. His approach is responsive and plastic with the ability to adjust the pulse of the music so that the many incomparable poetic moments are allowed to grip the listener. He also has a fine feeling for accenting of phrases and balancing of the complex scheme of dynamics. Bax's preoccupation with yearning for the unattainable comes over very strongly and there is a crippled sunset splendour about the wilder moments, particularly in the symphony.

Symphony No. 1 is dark-hued and barbaric. It strikes me as being one of a kind, not just among the symphonies but also among all his works. Recently I have been reading 'The Cauldron of Annwn' (the trilogy of poetic plays by Lord Howard de Walden set as a cycle of music-dramas by Joseph Holbrooke) and much of the strange atmosphere and preoccupations of that cycle seem to fit with Bax's first symphony. It is dedicated to John Ireland but it is Holst and especially the Holst of Egdon Heath that is often recalled. This is especially true in the darkness of the second movement (lento solenne). The Symphony receives here a performance to match. This is quite a short symphony running just over 32 minutes in this performance. The performance (last on the disc; Tracks 3-5; 13:41, 10:21, 8:26) is passionate and completely eclipses the Chandos/Thomson version. The Lyrita CD which couples Myer Fredman's performance of Symphony No. 1 and Leppard's of No. 7 remains a strong contender though inevitably out-pointed on recording quality. Fredman's performance is imaginative and the orchestra share his vision and commitment completely. The Symphony No. 7 is a substantial and generous coupling but the Lyrita is at full price. Overall, though, on recording quality, interpretative qualities and on the basis of a well-balanced coupling the Naxos is at the head of the field. What of the tone poems? Fand has been recorded by Beecham, Thomson, Boult, Barbirolli and Slatkin (ed. as part of a Chicago Symphony Centennial Set ). It is an evanescent piece the charms of which are moth-wing fragile. For me the Beecham still has the edge. The Beecham, by the way, is the recording which was used in Ken Russell's sensational film of an (imagined) episode in Bax's later life when he takes an exotic dancer to the Cornish scene of his earlier romantic idyll with Harriet Cohen. She is shown dancing in the sunlight beside the waves while Bax plays the 78s on a wind-up gramophone. The Lloyd-Jones version (Track 2 16:32) has its magic but does not give the wildest rein to fantasy in the way which Beecham does. The Barbirolli version is also very highly rated. These perfectionist observations must not detract from the virtues of the Naxos version. The more I listen to it the more am I drawn to it and the recording is so impressive and analytical that one keeps discovering new details in the score. If you were to discover Fand via this recording you would be hearing a very fine performance. I wonder what the same team will make of Tintagel? I am still waiting to hear a version of that piece which rivals the first recording on 78s which was conducted by Goossens. A small cavil: the opening of Symphony No. 1 follows without sufficient pause after the closing bars of Fand. The silence should have been allowed to continue for longer.

In the Faery Hills has been a favourite of mine ever since I first heard it in an early morning broadcast by the BBC Concert Orchestra conducted by that unsung hero of British music, Ashley Lawrence. Please do not be put off by the twee title. Try to think of it as being a natural step onwards from Balakirev's Tamara, Rimsky-Korsakov's Sadko and Scheherazade (echoes of the latter in the Bax Violin Concerto) or Rachmaninov's Isle of the Dead. In fact the liberating Russian element is also strong in the other two works. This performance (Track 1 15:04) has all the fantasy and dreamlike beauty you could ask for. The pellucid quality of the recording displays Bax's interweaving musical strands to great advantage. The horns and brass appear rich and forward. At 6:39 the viola, underpinned by a harp ostinato, sings the theme with great tenderness and this is taken up by cor anglais, bassoon, and then French horn, each with the harp figure making a consistent pulse. The hopeless despair and inhuman epic quality of the music is brilliantly caught by everyone at 8:40.

HNH International Ltd through Naxos/Marco Polo are to be congratulated for their ambitious recording plans. These have been very publicly announced. I am sure that there was some initial scepticism. Issues such as this go a long way towards dispelling doubts. In fact they fuel the highest hopes that Naxos will go from strength to strength and that not only will we see, by the end of 2000 the complete Naxos series of the orchestral works of Vaughan Williams, Bax, Parry, Stanford and Moeran but also orchestral works by Frank Bridge, Arthur Butterworth, John Veale and Derek Bourgeois among others. I should add that these latter names represent only my wishful thinking.

I look forward with keen anticipation to the second release which may well contain two of my favourite Bax pieces: Symphony No. 2, November Woods (his strongest tone poem which also bids fair to be his best work of all) and, if I am very lucky, the often derided Sibelian tone poem The Tale the Pine Trees Knew (actually I believe this may be reserved as a coupling for Symphony No. 5). The Symphony is a work of wonderful drama - a great love poem with an epic grandeur borne high on tunes out of Bax's top drawer. I am sure Ian Lace is spot-on in tracing its molten invention to the love affair with Harriet Cohen.

Anyway, enough about the next instalment. If you have never heard Bax before, then buy this CD. You will rapidly become an addict. This is also for those who were none too sure about Bax or British music generally and would like to explore. This is music by a British composer which is an antidote to pastoralism. If you have enjoyed the Russian or French romantics you will want to try this. It will open doors for you into a world of wild imagination and, that rare commodity, beauty. Bax addicts will already have bought the CD and will be enjoying it now. These same people will be clearing a space on the shelves in readiness for the next six volumes. Meantime warmest thanks to Klaus Heymann (a British Music Society member) of HNH. We need visionaries like him. Long may this venture continue and please record the other Bax symphonies as soon as possible. 

Naxos 8.553525

The Piano Music of Arnold Bax - Volume 4

by Ian Lace

The Slave Girl/Legend/What the Minstrel Told Us/Whirligig Toccata/In the Night/A Mountain Mood/Mediterranean/Serpent Dance Ceremonial Dance/Dream in Exile/Paean/Salzburg Sonata Movement

Some seven years separate Vols 3 and 4 in this entrancing series for it was in 1990 that Chandos released the previous volume of Bax Piano Music. This time 13 pieces are included but it is definitely not an unlucky collection in the sense of quality and enchantment. The usual Bax heady romance is here and there is a dreamy feel to many items especially those associated with Harriet Cohen such as What the Minstrel Told Us, Dream in Exile and A Mountain Mood which is hardly rugged but very feminine and lyrical. Even more romantic is In the Night, here receiving its premiere recording. It is dated 1914 but was never performed or published in Bax's lifetime. Some non-musical imagery can be inferred from Bax's poem of the same title telling of a cathartic walk with a girl friend, starting "Along the quiet streets I walked with her, While pale enormous stars froze in the sky." Could the girl friend have been Harriet I wonder? She was certainly established in his circle of friends by then. Anyway the music seems to suggest some very private feelings and of lovers transported and lost in a little world of their own. A more exotic and sensual number The Slave Girlis definitely associated with Harriet for Bax wrote it for her at the high point of their romance. Two of the pieces are associated with Bax's ballet The Truth About the Russian Dancers - i.e. Serpent Dance which is quite Russian sounding and is a sly dig at typical ballet steps; and Ceremonial Dance which is a slightly truncated piano reduction of the overture to the play The Truth About the Russian Dancers while the second idea comes from Bax's earlier unperformed ballet Tamara. Whirligig, premiered too, is a brilliant and cheerful bit of whimsy; and the other premiered piece, the Salzburg Sonata (Lento espressivo) movement is a clever pastiche of Mozart. Eric Parkin, as usual, penetrates to the heart and spirit of these works, his interpretations are unhurried yet agile, carefully considered and articulate. I should add that my colleague Richard Adams who administers the Bax web site feels that Parkin needs to drive the assertive Paean a little harder.


by Richard Adams

I've been waiting for this disc a long time. This is Volume 4 in the Chandos Bax piano music series with Eric Parkin. The first two volumes in this series were released nearly a decade ago and they contained the four sonatas as well as some smaller works. Volume 3 was released in 1990 and it was made up entirely of smaller (in size -- not necessarily in scope) miniatures. While Volume 3 was a very full program, it nevertheless left out several gems. I'm delighted to see that many of those magnificent miniatures have turned up on this disc and I'm even more happy to report the performances by Eric Parkin are perfectly judged in almost all instances. In fact, my only complaint is with the rather subdued approach Parkin takes with Paean - - a wonderful study in ostinato in Lewis Foreman's words - - which should sound a little more driven than it does here. Otherwise, the tempos are ideal and Parkin's performances are intensely expressive without ever becoming too sweet. Anyone who has ever attempted to play these works will know the pianist is faced with layer upon layer of ornamental detail that must not be allowed to overwhelm the primary melodic line. Parkin succeeds with playing that is utterly clear and translucent. His agile finger work in such pieces as Whirligig, Toccata and the very Debussyian The Slave Girl is marvelous to hear as is the delicacy of his playing in some of the more ravishingly beautiful pieces such as What the Minstrel Told Us, Dream in Exile, A Mountain Mood and Serpent Dance. I believe this disc along with the other in the series gives ample proof that Bax was perhaps the greatest British composer of keyboard music in the first half of this century. This disc is an absolute must for Bax fans as well as those who love late romantic and impressionistic piano music.

CHAN 9561 - Eric Parkin, pianist


[1] [2]