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Brown, James: for information relating to C W Nightingale.

Bryant, Michael: for making available the Lyrita recording of the Trio in G Major and Piano Quartet in E Minor. In addition, for information relating to John Parr.

Catterick, Tony: for supplying information relating to Bertie Muskett.

Davies, Oliver: for his invaluable help in surfacing Hurlstone's archival material and memorabilia from the RCM Department of Portraits.

Emerson, June: for her support for this project and provision of the printed edition of the Trio from which to make a set of master corrections.

Foreman, Lewis: for making available his private copies of the Society of British Composers' Yearbooks.

McLauchlin, Jane: for her tireless research among the Croydon archives, on my behalf.

RCM Library Staff for making available copies of Hurlstone manuscripts and archival material. Also for granting permission to publish the Scherzo movement of the Trio.

Waterhouse, William: for the extended loan of the Trio in G Minor autograph and for his invaluable advice, guidance, suggestions and corrections over the preparation of this article and the corrigenda.

Wye, Trevor: for supplying information on Eli Hudson.


Akpan, Eloise: William Hurlstone: South Norwood Composer, Norwood Review, May 2000

Anon.: Hudson, Eli, Who's Who in Music 1913, Pitman, London 1913

---- Hurlstone obituary, Norwood News, 9th June 1906

---- Hurlstone obituary, Musical Times, July 1st 1906

---- Composer by-passed by fame, Croydon Advertiser January 9th 1976

---- Hurlstone, William Yeates, Society of British Composers Yearbook 1906-7, London 1907

---- Hurlstone, William Yeates, Society of British Composers Yearbook 1912, London 1912 (BL shelfmark 9402.465000n)

---- Hurlstone, Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart 2, 2 (2003) 548

---- Musical Times, May 1st 1900

---- Nightingale, C.W, Who's Who in Music 1913, Pitman, London 1913

---- RCM Journal, June 1897

Brown, James D. and Stratton, Stephen S.: Beaumont, Alexander, S., British musical biography: A dictionary of musical artists, authors and composors born in Britain and its colonies, Stratton, Birmingham 1897

Bryant, Michael: Hurlstone Trio in G Minor (sleeve note for Clarinet Classics CC 0023), 1998

Byford, Hugh: More About Hurlstone and his Music, Norwood Review, August 2001

Cobbett, W.W.: Hurlstone in Grove (ed. Maitland), London 1910

---- Hurlstone in Cobbett Cyclopaedic Survey of Chamber Music, OUP, London 1929

---- Hurlstone in Grove (ed. Blom), London 1954

Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel; Beaumont Alex S. (& others): Tribute, Norwood News 9th June 1906

Dunhill, Thomas: Chamber Music. A Treatise for Students, Macmillan, London 1913

---- The Music of William Hurlstone: A Critical Appreciation, William Hurlstone Musician ed. Katharine Hurlstone, Cary, London, 1947

Fairley, Andrew: Flutes, Flautists and Makers, Pan Educational Music, 1982

Foreman, Lewis: Hurlstone Trio in G Minor, Sonata for Bassoon and Piano, Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano (sleeve note for CCD 1079), 2001

Gillerman, Susan Linda: William Yeates Hurlstone: his Life and Chamber Music (diss.) Boston University 1969

Hardy, Lisa: The British Piano Sonata, 1870-1945, The Boydell Press, Woodbridge 2001

Hurlstone, Katharine (ed.): William Hurlstone Musician, Cary, London 1947

Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone: private letter to the author 1990

Kirby, David S.: The Chamber Music of William Yeates Hurlstone (diss.) University of Cincinnati 1995

Linstead, George: John Parr and his Concerts, Musical Times, June 1945

McVeagh,Diana: Variations on an Original Theme, The Magic Mirror Suite & Variations on a Hungarian A (sleeve note SRCD 208), 1993

Nettel, Reginald: Hurlstone and his work, Musical Times, November 1958

Newell, Henry George.: William Yeates Hurlstone Musician and Man, Chester, London 1936

Pascall/Cobbett: Hurlstone New Grove 1, 1980

Pascall/Dibble: Hurlstone New Grove 2, 2001

Pope, Michael: Trio in G Major for Violin, Cello and Piano & Quartet in E minor (sleeve note for Lyrita SRCS 117),1984

Truscott, Harold: Piano Concerto & Fantasie Variations on a Swedish Air (sleeve note for Lyrita SRCS 100), 1979

Waddicor, Mark: private communications with the author, 2002-2004

Weston, Pamela: Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past, Hale, London 1971

---- More Clarinet Virtuosi of the Past, Weston, London 1977

Wheeler, Ray: William Yeates Hurlstone: The English Schubert 1876-1906, Newsdisc, Croydon 1976

Other source material

Sundry newspaper cuttings relating to Hurlstone: Croydon Public Library Archives

Century Concert Programme Bills 1900-1906: ibid

Programme: Hurlstone Memorial Concert July 1906: ibid

Hurlstone: Autograph mss: RCM Library, London

Hurlstone: Autograph mss: Waterhouse Library, Gloucestershire

Hurlstone: Complete published works: British Library, London

Student Records for Hurlstone, Dubrucq, Muskett, Hudson, Jones, Draper: RCM, London .

Emerson Edition #62: Trio in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon & Piano 1\1983

---- 2\1998 ed. Diana Bickley

Selected Discography

Trio in G Minor [3 movements]; Sonata for Bassoon and Piano, Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano; Murray Khouri, clarinet; Peter Musson, bassoon; Stephen Emerson, piano - Continuum CCD 1079 - 2001

Trio in G Minor [3 movements]; The English Romantics Trio- Clarinet Classics CC 0023 - 1998

Trio in G Minor [complete]; Variations in G Minor for clarinet, bassoon and piano; The Glinka Trio- Hungaraton (unissued) - 2002

Variations on an Original Theme; The Magic Mirror Suite; Variations on a Hungarian Air; Braithwaite, London Philharmonic Orchestra - Lyrita SRCD 208 - 1993

Piano Concerto; Fantasie Variations on a Swedish Air; Braithwaite, London Philharmonic Orchestra - Lyrita SRCS 100 - 1979

Trio in G Major for Violin, Cello and Piano; Quartet in E minor; The Tunnell Piano Quartet in E Minor - Lyrita SRCS 117 - 1984

Cello Sonata in D et al; Andrew Fuller, cello; Michael Dussek, piano - Dutton CDLX 7102 - 1999

Hurlstone's Original Works for Wind Instrumentsi

Variations in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon and Piano

Completed 19th February 1894. Unpublished, in preparation (Moore). Nothing known of the dedication or première. The theme was later reused for the orchestral Variations on an Original Theme.

Trio in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon, and Piano

Completed ca. 1896/7. Published by Emerson 1983. First performance on the incomplete version assumed to have occurred in the 1930s. First complete performance by the Glinka Trio, Budapest, 2003. Dedication unknown.

Quintet in G Minor for Piano, Oboe, Clarinet, Horn and Bassoon

Completed ca. 1897. Published by Emerson 1998. premièred at the RCM College Chamber Music Concert No 247 30th June 1897; players: William Hurlstone - piano; Eli Hudson - flute; Frederick Moss - clarinet; Herbert Thornton - horn; Edwin Cox - bassoon. Dedication unknown. Second movement later incorporated into the second movement of the Quintet for Violin, Viola, Cello and Piano in e.

Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano

(originally called Suite for Clarinet and Piano)

Movements 1 - 4 completed: 8th September 1899, 2nd August 1899, 9th , 4th September1899, 9th October 1899. Dedicated to George Clinton, Published by Avison 1909; re-issued by Emerson 1978. premièred at the George Clinton Chamber concerts 1900 by Clinton and Hurlstone; reviewed in the Musical Times May 1st 1900. Fourth movement later arranged for the Scherzo for Flute, Oboe, Horn and Piano q.v.

Scherzo for Flute, Oboe, Horn and Piano

Completed 6th April 1900. Based on the 4th movement of the Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano. A performance at the Century Concerts 1900 is known, Probably premièred at the Century Concerts and probably dedicated to the Century Wind Quintet. Unpublished, in preparation (Moore).

Sonata for Bassoon and Piano

Completed July 1904. Dedicated to Edward Dubrucq. Published by Avison 1907; re-issued by Emerson 1976. Known to have been performed at the Century Concerts, probably premièred there as well.

Biographical Time-line

1876 Born 7th January, Richmond Gardens (now Empress Place), Fulham, London

1883 Age 7 composing and playing, living at Hastings moved to Wilton near Salisbury. Choirboy at Bemerton Parish Church. principal instrument piano, for which he received tuition.

1884 Age 8 brought to the notice of Parry & Grove who attested to his remarkable aural ability

1885 Age 9 Five Easy Waltzes for piano published by his father

1886 Age 10 Honours Certificate for Junior Division of Trinity College local centre exams.

---- Martin Hurlstone's declining fortunes force a move to London

1891 Age 15 Trio Violin, Cello, Piano Op. 2 published with Lafleur by his father.

---- Hurlstone's heath dogged by bronchial asthma.

---- Studies piano under Wilmot in Croydon

1894 19th February: Variations in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon and Piano (unpublished). Noteworthy for its inspired 5/8 variation.

---- April: enters RCM under three-year Scholarship, which is later extended to a fourth year. First study: composition. Second study: piano. Living in Croydon.

---- April: Piano Duet (unpublished).

---- July: Piano Sonata in f (unpublished).

1895 Five Dances for Orchestra (unpublished).

---- 22nd September: A Two-act Opera (unpublished).

1896 13th June: Variations for Orchestra on an Original Theme (unpublished).

---- Piano Concerto performed by Composer at St. James' Hall with the RCM Orchestra.

---- Father dies of Bright's disease before RCM studies concluded. Benefactor Captain Beaumont aids the family financially.

1897 24th May: Hungarian Air with Variations for Piano (unpublished).

---- 30th June: première of the Quintet in G Minor for Piano and Wind at the RCM College Concerts.

---- Première of the Violin Sonata in D minor. RCM, Willie Read violin, Hurlstone piano.

---- 23rd November: Violin Sonata in D minor performed at the British Chamber Music Concerts, Jasper Sutcliffe violin, Ernest Fowles piano. Critique, Musical Times 1st January 1898 (p27).

1898 Exits RCM

---- June: String Quartet in E Minor (published 2005 Merton Music). Dedicated to Ernest Fowles.

---- 30th November: première or String Quartet in E minor at the British Chamber Music Concerts. Critique, Musical Times 1st January 1899 (p26).

1899 September/October: Suite for Clarinet and Piano (later published under the title: Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano)

5th December: première of the Cello Sonata in D minor given at the Queen's (Small) Hall under the auspices of the British Chamber Music Concerts, Herbert Walenn cello, Ethel Bower piano. Critique, Musical Times 1st January 1900 (p41)

1900-06 Hurlstone derives income from composing, teaching, conducting local choral societies and performing. Performances are limited to accompanying and chamber music because of his health.

---- Appointed Professor of Music at Croydon Conservatoire

---- Appointed Examiner for RAM Associated Boards for the Croydon District.

1900 Suite for Clarinet and Piano premièred at the George Clinton Chamber Concerts. Clinton & Hurlstone performersii.

---- Inception of the Century Chamber Concerts organised by C W Nightingale (oboist) and

---- Hurlstone. Patrons: Stanford, Parry, Stanley. Based in Croydon, performing frequently at the Stanley Halls and the Public Halls Croydon, but also at other venues in the London district.

1901 Scherzo for Piano and Wind (unpublished) for the Century Concerts.

---- 19th June: Alfred the Great ballade for chorus and orchestra.

---- 30th September: Trio in G Major Major for Piano, Violin & Cello.

---- Cello Sonata published. Dedicated to May Muckle. Performed at the Century Concertsiii.

1903 August. Fantasie Variations on a Swedish Air completed.

1904 première of the Magic Mirror Suite incidental Music to the Ballet for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.

---- 20th May: première of the Fantasie Variations on a Swedish Air. Arguably the most mature of all his orchestral compositions and has enjoyed many performances in the decades following the composer's death. The publication of this work was funded from a donation of £20,000 made by Lord Ernest Palmer to the RCM to be used for assisting young musicians.

---- July: Sonata for Bassoon and Piano. Dedicated to Eduard Dubrucq, friend and bassoonist in the Century Wind Quintet. It is subsequently preformed at the Century Concertsiv.

---- 6th December: première of Piano Quartet in E Minor for Piano, Violin, Viola and Cello at the Æeolian Hall.

1905 Society of British Composers inaugurated, Hurlstone a founder member.

---- Phantasie String Quartet composed for submission to the first Cobbett Chamber Music Competition.

---- September: appointed by Sir Hubert Parry as Professor of Harmony and Counterpoint at the RCM.

1906 LSO performs the Fantasie Variations on a Swedish Air.

---- Cobbett Competition first prize of £50 awarded for the Phantasie String Quartet.

---- 20th March: song - The Blind Boy. Last completed composition.

---- 21st May: caught a chill, which proved to be fatal, while waiting at Victoria Station.

---- 30th May: died. His latest composition, a symphonic poem, remained incomplete and in a fragmentary form.

---- 2nd Junev: buried, Mitcham Cemetery, Croydon.

---- 9nd June. Obituary in the Norwood News and Penge and Anerley Chronicle. Tributes by Samuel Collerige-Taylor, Captain Alex S. Beaumont and Ernest Halsey

---- 22nd June: première of the Phantasie Quartet in A, performed by the Saunders Quartet. (Musical Times 1st July 1906 p489)

---- 1st July: obituary in the Musical Times.

---- Society of British Composers agree to fund the posthumous publication of several of Hurstone's works under the auspices of Avison Edition.

1907 Society of British Composers' Yearbook 1906/7 publishes a partial catalogue of Hurlstone's works.

---- Sonata for Bassoon and Piano published by Avison ed.

1908 Society of British Composers' Yearbook 1907/8 publishes a fuller catalogue of Hurlstone's works.

1909 Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano published by Avison ed.

1912 Society of British Composers' Yearbook 1912 republishes a catalogue of Hurlstone's works.

1913 Chamber Music. A Treatise for Students by Thomas Dunhill published. Hurlstone's Sonata for Bassoon and Piano is discussed.

1936 William Yeates Hurlstone Musician and Man, by Henry Newell is published by Chester, 32 pages. This is the first biography to appear in print.

1936 £50 anonymous donation presented to the Royal College of Music for the creation of the Hurlstone Memorial Prizevi in which a performance of a Hurlstone composition is judged. The income form the anonymous gift was doubled by the RCM.

1944 Further anonymous donation of £200 to the Hurlstone Memorial Prize.

1947 William Hurlstone Musician, edited by Katharine Hurlstone is published by Cary, 118 pages. This is an expansion of Newell together with a collection of reminiscences from Hurlstone's contemporaries.

---- Katharine Hurlstone (pg 64) writes that the piano concerto ... is now being revived by Mr. Patrick Piggott .... This resulted in a private recording.

1958 November: Hurlstone and his work by Reginald Nettel is published in the Musical Times

1969 William Yeates Hurlstone: his Life and Chamber Music, dissertation by Susan Gillerman, 206 pages.

1995 The Chamber Music of William Yeates Hurlstone, thesis by David S. Kirby, 131 pages.

1976 Centenary Exhibition organised by Christine Waddicor, the composer's niece, at the library of the University of Exeter.

1979 The first of a series of recordings issued by Richard Itter under his Lyrita record label is released.

1983 Trio in G Minor for Clarinet, Bassoon and Piano published by Emerson.

1998 Quintet in G Minor for Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Horn and Bassoon published by Emerson.

2002 Première of the complete Trio in G Minor in Hungary by the Glinka Trio.

2003 January: first British performance of the complete Trio in G Minor by Robert Blanken, Richard Moore and Karen Kingsley at the Tudor Merchants' Hall, Southampton.

---- September 29th: Scherzo movement from the Trio in G Minor is broadcast on BBC Radio 3 by The English Romantics Trio.

---- 30th September: Trio in G Minor complete performance at the Purcell Room by The English Romantics Trio.

2006 30th May. Centenary anniversary performance of the Piano Quartet in E Minor by the Primrose Quartet at the Wigmore Hall.

2006 22nd November: Centenary celebration concert and exhibition at the Royal College of Music. Works performed:

Phantasie String Quartet - the Jenson Quartet

I fear thy kisses, gentle maiden - Lukasz Jacobcvyz, Sebastian Wybrew (pf)

Thou hast left me for ever, Jamie

That time is dead for ever

My true love hath my heart - Elenor Dennis, John Cuthbert (pf)

Trio in G minor for Clarinet, Bassoon & Piano -

Janet Hilton (cl), Julie Price (bn), Andrew Ball(pf)

Four Characteristic Pieces - Colin Lawson (RCM Director) (cl), Andrew Ball (pf)

String Quartet in E minor - the Alea String Quartet

i A Clarinet Sonata is referred in the literature; this sometimes refers to a publisher's arrangement of Hurlstone's Cello Sonata in D. At other times it is synonymous with the Four Characteristic Pieces for Clarinet and Piano.

ii Musical Times May 1st 1900 p 331.

iii K. Hurlstone p. 22.

iv K. Hurlstone p. 22.

v K. Hurlstone p. 27 erroneously cites the date as Saturday June 1st 1906. Saturday fell on June 2nd which agrees with the obituary published a week later in the Norwood News see also endnote 24.

vi K. Hurlstone p. 7.


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