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STRAUSS, Richard
b Munich, 11 June 1864
d Garmisch, 8 September 1949, aged eighty-five

He was the son of a brilliant horn-player, and he himself took piano lessons from the age of four. He entered the University of Munich in 1882, studying philosophy and aesthetics while still continuing his music studies privately. He graduated in 1883, and in 1884 was made assistant musical director of the Meiningen Court Orchestra. He rose to become leading conductor, and soon was conductor of the Court Opera and Orchestra in Berlin, remaining so until 1908, when he was promoted to general musical director, a post he held until 1924. A meeting with the poet Hofmannsthal in 1900 resulted in a great operatic collaboration. From 1919 to 1924 he was director of the State Opera in Vienna; from then onward he had no permanent post but travelled extensively as a conductor. After Hofmannsthal's death in 1933 he wrote the libretti for his own operas. He fell foul of the Nazi regime, which disgraced him in 1935.

1876 (12)

Festmarch, for orchestra, Op 1

1879 (15)

Overture in A minor

1880 (16)

Symphony in D minor

String Quartet in A major

1881-2 (17-18)

Violin Concerto in D minor

1882-3 (18-19)

horn Concerto No 1 in E flat major

1883 (19)

Concert Overture in C minor

Piano Quartet in C minor (1883-4)

1884 (20)

Symphony in F minor

p Serenade for Wind

p Cello Sonata in F major

1886 (22)

Aus Italien, symphonic fantasia

Macbeth, symphonic poem (1886-90)

1888 (24)

Don Juan, symphonic poem

p Violin Sonata in Eb major

1889 (25)

Tod und Verklarung, symphonic poem

1892-3 (28-9)

Guntram, opera (new version 1940)

1894 (30)

Also sprach Zarathustra, symphonic poem

1895 (31)

Till Eulenspiegel, symphonic poem

1896 (32)

Don Quixote, fantasy variations for cello and orchestra

1898 (34)

Ein Heldenleben, symphonic poem

1901 (37)

Feuersnot, opera

1904 (40)

Symphonia Domestica

1905 (41)

Salome, opera

1906 (42)

Elektra, opera

1909-10 (45-6)

Der Rosenkavalier, opera

1912 (48)

Ariadne auf Naxos, opera (first version)

1913 (49)

Alpine Symphony

1914 (50)

Josephs-Legend, ballet

Die Frau ohne Schatten, opera (1916-17)

1921 (57)

Schlagobers, ballet

1922-3 (58-9)

Intermezzo, opera

1927 (63)

The Egyptian Helen, opera

1930-2 (66-8)

Arabella, opera

1934 (70)

Symphony for wind instruments

1935 (71)

The Silent Woman, opera

Der Friedenstag, opera (1936)

1936-7 (72-3)

Daphne, opera

1938-40 (74-6)

The Love of Danae, opera (fp 1952)

1940-1 (76-7)

Capriccio, opera

1942 (78)

Horn Concerto No 2 in Eb major

1945 (81)

Metamorphoses, for twenty-three solo instruments

Oboe Concerto

1948 (84)

Duet Concertino, for clarinet, bassoon and strings Performed posthumously:

1950 Four Last Songs

Strauss also composed many songs.

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