b Naples, 26 October 1685
d Madrid, 23 July 1757, aged seventy-one
He studied first with his father Alessandro, then in 1701 became organist and composer at the royal chapel in Naples. In 1708 he went to Venice for further study and became a firm friend of Handel there. In 1709 he entered the service of the Queen of Poland in Rome. In 1714 he became maestro di cappella to the Portuguese Ambassador and, in 1715, was also maestro of the Cappella Giuliana in the Vatican. He resigned in 1719, and in 1720 or 1721 became maestro at the royal chapel in Lisbon. He returned to Italy in 1724, then moved to Madrid in 1729, where he spent his remaining years as music-master to the Queen of Spain. For his long services to the Spanish royal family he received a Spanish knighthood in 1738. More than half of his numerous harpsichord sonatas were composed during the last six years of his life.
fp Ottavia ristituta al trono, opera fp Giustina, opera
fp Irene, opera
fp La Sylvia, opera
fp Orlando, opera fp Tolomeo e Alessandro, opera
fp Tetide in sciro, opera
fp Ifigenia in Aulide, opera fp Ifigenia in Tauride, opera
fp Amor d'un ombra, opera
fp Ambleto, opera
fp Berenice, opera
p Essercizi per Gravicembalo
p XLII Suites de pieces pour le clavecin Scarlatti also wrote over 550 single-movement harpsichord sonatas.