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  Founder: Len Mullenger
Classical Editor: Rob Barnett

SAINT-SAËNS, Camille
b Paris, 9 October 1835
d Algiers, 16 December 1921, aged eighty-six

His family was of peasant origin. He started piano lessons at the age of seven and played in public at the age of ten. He went to the Paris Conservatory in 1848 and entered Halevy's composition class in 1851. In 1852 he failed to win the Prix de Rome. He became organist at Saint-Merry in 1853 and at the Madeleine in 1857. His only period of teaching was from 1861 to 1865 at the Ecole Niedermeyer, where his pupils included Fauré and Messager. He failed the Prix de Rome again in 1864; but his friendship with Liszt helped to establish him as a composer. In 1868, at the age of thirty-three, he was decorated with the Legion d'honneur. In 1875 he began the first of many triumphant foreign concert tours. Cambridge awarded him an honorary doctorate. After 1890 he wrote little of musical consequence, but was able to indulge his literary gifts.

1855 (20)

Symphony No 1 in Eb major

Piano Quintet in A major, with double-bass ad lib

1857 (22)

Organ Fantasia No 1

1858 (23)

Piano Concerto No 1 in D major

1859 (24)

Violin Concerto No 1 in A minor

1863 (28)

Piano Trio No 1 in F major

1866 (31)

Suite in D minor for piano, cello (violin or viola)

1868 (33)

Piano Concerto No 2 in G minor

1869 (34)

Piano Concerto No 3 in E flat major

1870 (35)

Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso, for violin and orchestra

Melodies persanes, six songs

1871 (36)

Omphale's Spinning-wheel, symphonic poem

Marche héroique, for orchestra

1872 (37)

La Princesse jaune, opera

1873 (38)

Cello Concerto No 1 in A minor

Phaeton, symphonic poem

1874 (39)

Danse macabre, symphonic poem

1875 (40)

Piano Concerto No 4 in C minor

1876 (41)

The Deluge, oratorio

1877 (42)

Samson and Delilah, opera

La Jeunesse d'Hercule, symphonic poem

Suite for orchestra

1878 (43)

Symphony No 2 in A minor

1879 (44)

Violin Concerto No 2 in C major

Suite Algérienne

1880 (45)

Violin Concerto No 3 in B minor

1885 (50)

Violin Sonata No 1 in D minor

1886 (51)

Le Carnaval des animaux, for piano and orchestra

Symphony No 3 in C minor, with organ and two pianos

1892 (57)

Piano Trio No 2 in E minor

1894 (59)

Preludes and Fugues for organ

1895 (60)

Piano Concerto No 5 in F major

1896 (61)

Violin Sonata No 2 in Eb major

1897 (62)

Seven Improvisations for grand organ

1898 (63)

Preludes and Fugues for organ

1900 (65)

String Quartet in E minor

1902 (67)

Cello Concerto No 2 in D minor

Coronation March

1913 (78)

fp The Promised Land, oratorio

1915 (80)

La cendre rouge, ten songs

1918 (83)

Fantasia No 3, for organ

Saint-Saëns also composed:

Serenade for piano, organ, violin, and viola (or cello)

Cello Sonata No 1 in C minor

Piano Quartet in Bb major

Septet in Eb major for piano, trumpet, oboe and string quartet

Caprice on Danish and Russian Airs

Cello Sonata No 2 in F major

Fantaisie, for harp and violin

Le Muse et le poete, for piano trio

String Quartet in G major

Clarinet Sonata in Eb major

Bassoon Sonata in G major

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