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Golden Age singers

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If it’s the Czech works you’re after, do not hesitate

  Founder: Len Mullenger
Classical Editor: Rob Barnett

1850
HALEVY (51)
La tempesta, opera
La dame du Picque, opera
SCHUMANN (40)
Symphony no 3, Rhenish
Cello Concerto in A minor
LISZT (39)
Prometheus, symphonic poem
Consolations, for piano
Liebestraume, nocturnes for piano
THOMAS (39)
Le songe d'une nuit d'été, opera
GADE (33)
Manotta, incidental music
Symphony No 4
p Violin Sonata No 2
1851
d'INDY was born;
SPONTINI died
SCHUMANN (41)
Piano Trio No 3
Four Marchenbilder, for piano and viola (or violin)
Two Violin Sonatas
THOMAS (40)
Raymond, opera
VERDI (38)
fp Rigoletto, opera
WAGNER (38)
fp Lohengrin, opera
GOUNOD (33)
Sapho, opera
FRANCK (29) Le chalet de ferme, opera
BRAHMS (18)
Scherzo in Eb minor
The first three sets of songs (1851-3)
1852
STANFORD and TARREGA were born
BERWALD (56)
Three Piano Trios (1852-4)
HALEVY (53)
Le juif errant, opera
ADAM (49) Si j'étais roi, opera
BALFE (44) The Devil's in It, opera
The Sicilian Bride, opera
MENDELSSOHN (posthumous)
fp Christus, oratorio (unfinished)
LISZT (41)
Hungarian Rhapsodies, Nos 1-15
GADE (35)
Symphony No 5
Spring Fantasy, for voices and orchestra
GOUNOD (34)
Faust, opera (1852-9)
La nonne sanglante, opera (1852-4)
BRAHMS (19)
Piano Sonata No 1 (1852-3)
Piano Sonata No 2
BALAKIREV (15)
Grande Fantaisie on Russian Folksongs, for piano and orchestra
Septet for flute, clarinet, strings and piano
1853
MESSAGER was born
HALEVY (54) Le nabah, opera
SCHUMANN (43) Violin Concerto
Marchenerzahlungen, four pieces for piano clarinet (or violin) and viola
Introduction and Allegro, for piano
Fantasy, for violin
THOMAS (42)
la Tonelli, opera
VERDI (40)
fp La Traviata, opera
fp Il Trovatore, opera
OFFENBACH (34)
Le mariage aux lanternes, operetta
RAFF (31)
Te Deum, for chorus and orchestra
Samson, opera (unperformed) (1853-7)
SMETANA (29)
Festive Symphony (1853-4)
RUBINSTEIN (24)
Melody in F
BRAHMS (20)
Piano Trio No 1 (1853 4)
Piano Sonata No 3
WIENIAWSKI (18)
Polonaise No 1, for violin and orchestra
Souvenir de Moscow, for violin and orchestra
Violin Concerto No 1
1854
CATALANI, HUMPERDINCK JANACEK and MOSKOWSKI were born
MEYERBEER (63)
L'etoile du nord, opera
BERLIOZ (51)
L'Enfance du Christ, oratorio (1850-4)
SCHUMANN (44)
p Albumblatter, twenty pieces for piano
LISZT (43)
Hungaria, symphonic poem
Orpheus, tone poem
Les Préludes, symphonic poem
RAFF (32)
Grosse Symphonie (lost)
Suite No 1 for orchestra
BRUCKNER (30)
Solemn Mass in B flat major
BRAHMS (21)
Piano Concerto No 1 (1854-8)
Four Ballades for piano
Variations on a Theme by Schumann, for piano
BALAKIREV (17)
String Quartet, Quatuor original russe (1854-5)
BIZET (16)
La Pretresse, one-act opera
1855
CHAUSSON and LIADOV were born
BERWALD (59)
Piano Concerto
HALEVY (56)
Jaguarita l'Indienne, opera
LISZT (44)
Totentanz, for piano and orchestra (c1855)
THOMAS (44)
La cour de Céilimene, opera
VERDI (42)
fp I Vespri Siciliani, opera
GADE (38)
p Novelleten, for piano trio
GOUNOD (37)
Symphonies Nos 1 and 2
Messe solennelle de St Cécile
SUPPE (36)
Requiem
RAFF (33)
Dornroschen, for soli, chorus and orchestra
LALO (32)
String Quartet
SMETANA (31) Piano Trio
BRAHMS (22)
Symphony No 1 begun (completed 1876)
Piano Quartet No 3 begun (completed 1875)
SAINT-SAËNS (20)
Symphony No 1
Piano Quintet with double-bass ad lib
BALAKIREV (18)
Piano Concerto No 1 (c 1855)
Octet for flute, oboe, horn, piano and strings (1855 6)
"Three Forgotten Songs'
BIZET (17)
Symphony in C major
DVORAK (14) 'Forget-Me-Not Polka' (1855-56)
1856
SINDING was born;
ADAM and SCHUMANN died
BERWALD (60)
Two piano quintets (1856-58, possibly 1853-4)
HALEVY (57)
Valentine d'Aubigny, opera
ADAM (53)
Le Corsaire, ballet
BERLIOZ (53)
The Trojans, opera (1856-9)
LISZT (45)
Die Hunnenschlacht, symphonic poem
Tasso, symphonic poem
DARGOMIZHSKY (43)
fp Russalka, opera
GADE (39)
Symphony No 6 (c1856)
BRAHMS (23)
Variations on a Hungarian theme, for piano
Variations on an original theme, for piano
BRUCH (18)
String Quartet in C minor
1857
CHAMINADE and ELGAR were born;
GLINKA died
BALFE (49) The Rose of Castille, opera
LISZT (46)
Dante Symphony (possibly 1855 6)
Faust Symphony (possibly 1856-7)
Mazeppa, symphonic poem
THOMAS (46)
Le carnaval de Venise, opera
Psyche, opera
Messe Solennelle
VERDI (44)
fp Araldo, opera
fp Simon Boccanegra, opera
WAGNER (44)
Wesendonck Lieder (1857-8)
ALKAN (43)
Sonate de concert, for cello and piano
Halelouyoh, vocal
GOUNOD (39)
Le medecin malgre lui, opera
BRAHMS (24)
Serenade for orchestra in D major (1857-8)
Serenade for orchestra in A major (1857-60)
German Requiem (1857-68)
CUI (22)
Scherzo for orchestra, Nos 1 and 2
SAINT-SAËNS (22)
Organ Fantasia No 1
BIZET (19)
Clovis et Clothilde, cantata
Le Docteur Miracle, operetta
BRUCH (19)
Piano Trio in C minor
MUSSORGSKY (18)
Souvenir d'enfance, for piano
DVORAK (16)
Mass in B flat major (1857-9)
1858
LEONCAVALLO, PUCCINI and SMYTH were born
AUBER (76)
p Piano Trio in D major, Op 1
HALEVY (59)
La magicienne, opera
Vanina d'Ornano, opera (unfinished)
Noe, or Le deluge, opera (unfinished, completed by Bizet)
OFFENBACH (39)
Orpheus in the Underworld, operetta
FRANCK (36)
Ave Maria, motet
RAFF (36)
Wachet auf! for soli and orchestra
SMETANA (34)
Richard III, symphonic poem
Wallenstein's Camp, symphonic poem (1858-9)
CUI (23)
The Caucasian Prisoner, opera
SAINT-SAËNS (23)
Piano Concerto No 1
BALAKIREV (21)
Overture on Russian Themes
BRUCH (20)
Scherz, List und Rache, opera
MUSSORGSKY (19)
Scherzo for orchestra
Edipo, for mixed chorus (1858-60)

1859
IPPOLITOV-IVANOV was born;
SPOHR died
MEYERBEER (68)
Dinorah, opera
BERWALD (63)
p Cello sonata
HALEVY (60)
Les plages du Nil, cantata
LISZT (48)
Hamlet, symphonic poem
Die Ideale, for orchestra
VERDl (46)
fp Un ballo in maschera, opera
ALKAN (45)
Marcia Funebre, for piano
Stances de Millevoye, for piano
RAFF (37)
Symphony No 1
BRAHMS (26)
Marienlieder, for four-part mixed choir
String Quartets Nos 1 and 2 (1852-3)
CUI (24)
The Mandarin's Son, opera
Tarantella
SAINT-SAËNS (24)
Violin Concerto No 1
BIZET (21) Don Procopio, opera
MUSSORGSKY (20)
Marcia di Sciamie, for soloist, choir and orchestra
Impromptu passione, for piano

1860
ALBENIZ, CHARPENTIER, WOLF and MAHLER were born;
PADEREWSKI was born (or possibly in 1866)
BALFE (52)
Bianca, opera
LISZT (49)
Fantasy on Hungarian Folk Tunes, for piano and orchestra (c1860)
THOMAS (49)
Le Roman d'Elvire, opera
GOUNOD (42)
Philemon et Baucis, opera
SMETANA (36)
Haakon Jarl, symphonic poem (1860-1)
BRAHMS (27)
String Sextet No 1 in Bb major
WIENIAWSKI (25)
Legende, for violin and orchestra
BRUCH (22)
String Quartet in E major
CHABRIER (19)
Impromptu for piano
BOITO (18)
Il Quattro Giugno, cantata

1861
ARENSKY, LOEFFLER and MACDOWELL were born
BALFE (53)
The Puritan's Daughter, opera
DARGOMIZHSKY (48)
Baba-Yaga, fantasy for orchestra
GADE (44)
Hamlet, concert overture
Michelangelo, overture
BRAHMS (28)
Piano Quartets Nos 1 and 2
Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, for piano
'Soldaten Lieder', five songs
Fifteen Romances from Magelone
(1861-8) PONCHIELLI (27)
La Savoiarda, opera
BALAKIREV (24)
Piano Concerto No 2 begun (resumed 1909)
MUSSORGSKY (22)
Alla marcia, notturna, for orchestra
Scherzo and Finale for a symphony
in D major
DVORAK (20)
String Quintet
BOITO (18)
Le Sorelle d'ltalia, opera
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (17)
Symphony No 1 (1861-5)

1862
BOELLMANN, DEBUSSY, DELIUS and GERMAN were born; HALEVY died
BERWALD (66)
Estrella de Soria, opera
BERLIOZ (59)
Béatrice et Bénédict, opera (1860-2)
VERDI (49)
fp La Forza del destino, opera
fp Inno delle nazioni, for chorus
GOUNOD (44)
La Reine de Saba, opera
RAFF (40)
Deuschland Auferstehung, for male voices and orchestra (1862-3)
SMETANA (38)
On the Seashore, for piano
BORODIN (29)
Symphony No 1 (1862-7)
BRAHMS (29)
Cello Sonata No 1 (1862-5)
Piano Studies (Variations on a Theme by Paganini), Books I and II (1862-3)
WIENIAWSKI (27)
Violin Concerto No 2
DVORAK (21)
String Quartet No 1
SULLIVAN (20)
The Tempest, incidental music
1863
MASCAGNI and PIERNE were born
ROSSINI (71)
Petite Messe Solennelle
BALFE (55) The Armourer of Nantes, opera
Blanche de Nevers, opera
LISZT (52)
Two Concert Studies for piano
BRUCKNER (39)
Symphony in F minor (unnumbered, known as No 00)
Overture in G minor
Der1nanenzug, for chorus and brass
SMETANA (39)
The Brandenburgers in Bohemia, opera
BRAHMS (30)
Rinaldo, cantata (1863-8)
PONCHIELLI (29)
Roderico, opera
SAINT-SAËNS (28)
Piano Trio No 1
BIZET (25)
The Pearl Fishers, opera
BRUCH (25)
Die Lorely, opera
MASSENET (21)
Ouverture de Concert
David Rizzio, cantata
1864
d'ALBERT, STRAUSS, R. and ROPARTZ were born;
MEYERBEER died
BALFE (56)
The Sleeping Queen, opera
GADE (47)
Symphonies Nos 2 and 7
fp Piano Trio in F major
p Fantasiestucke, for cello and piano
Fantasies for clarinet
GOUNOD (46)
Mireille, opera
OFFENBACH (45)
La Belle Hélène, operetta
BRUCKNER (40)
Mass No 1 in D minor
Symphony in D minor (revised 1869, known as No 0)
Um Mitternacht, for male-voice chorus
BRAHMS (31)
String Sextet No 2 (1863-5)
Piano Quintet in F minor
BRUCH (26)
Frithjof-Scenen, for solo voices, chorus and orchestra (c1864)
SULLIVAN (22)
L'Ile enchantée, ballet music
Kenilworth, cantata
GRIEG (21)
Album Leaves, for piano (1864-78)
DUPARC (16)
Six Rêveries, for piano
1865
DUKAS, GLAZUNOV, SIBELIUS and NIELSEN were born;
WALLACE died
MEYERBEER (posthumous)
fp L'Africaine, opera
THOMAS (54)
Marche religieuse, for orchestra WAGNER (52)
fp Tristan und Isolde, music drama
GADE (48)
p String Sextet
GOUNOD (47)
'Chant des compagnons'
FRANCK (43)
The Tower of Babel, oratorio
BRAHMS (32)
Trio for piano, violin and horn
BIZET (27)
Ivan the Terrible, opera
Chasse fantastique, for piano
STAINER (25)
Gideon, oratorio
DVORAK (24)
Symphonies Nos 1 and 2
Cello Concerto in A major
The Cypresses, originally for string quartet, later for voice and piano
Clarinet Quintet
MASSENET (23)
Suite for orchestra No 1
GRIEG (22)
In Autumn, concert overture
Violin Sonata No 1
1866
SATIE, CILEA and BUSONI were born
LISZT (55)
Deux Légendes, for piano
THOMAS (55)
Mignon, opera
DARGOMIZHSKY (53)
The Stone Guest, opera (unfinished)
OFFENBACH (47)
Bluebeard, operetta
La vie parisienne, operetta
BRUCKNER (42)
Symphony No 1 (revised 1891)
Mass No 2 in E minor
SMETANA (42)
The Bartered Bride, opera
SAINT-SAËNS (31)
Suite in D minor for piano and cello (or violin or viola)
DELIBES (30)
La Source (Nalla), ballet
BALAKIREV (29)
Symphony No 1 begun (completed 1898)
BIZET (28)
Trois esquisses musicales, for piano
TCHAIKOVSKY (26)
Symphony No 1, Winter Daydreams
SULLIVAN (24)
In Memoriam Overture
Irish Symphony
Cello Concerto
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (22)
Overture on Russian Themes
Symphony No 3 (1866-73)
1867
GIORDANO, BEACH, GRANADOS and KOECHLIN were born
LISZT (56)
Legend of St Elizabeth (possibly 1857-62)
DARGOMIZHSKY (54)
The Triumph of Bacchus, opera-ballet
VERDI (54)
fp Don Carlos, opera
GOUNOD (49)
Romeo et Juliette, opera
OFFENBACH (48)
La Grande Duchesse de Gérolstein, operetta
RAFF (45)
De Profundis, for chorus and orchestra
STRAUSS, J. Jr. (42)
Blue Danube Waltz
BORODIN (34)
The Bogatirs, opera-farce
BALAKIREV (30)
Overture on Czech Themes
Thamar, symphonic poem (1867-82)
BIZET (29)
The Fair Maid of Perth, opera MUSSORGSKY (28)
St John 's Night on the Bare Mountain
La disfatta d' Sennacherib, for chorus and orchestra, first version
Symphonic Intermezzo 'in modo classico'
SULLIVAN (25)
Cox and Box, operetta
GRIEG (24)
Violin Sonata No 2
Lyric Pieces for piano, Book I
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (23)
Fantasia on Serbian Themes, for orchestra
Sadko, tone poem
DUPARC (19)
Sonata for piano and cello (destroyed) Feuilles Volantes, for piano

1868
BANTOCK was born; ROSSINI and BERWALD died
THOMAS (57)
Hamlet, grand opera
WAGNER (55)
fp Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, opera
OFFENBACH (49)
La Périchole, operetta
RAFF (46)
Die Parole, opera (unperformed)
BRUCKNER (44)
Mass No 3, Grosse Messe (revised 1871 and 1890)
SMETANA (44)
fp Dalibor, opera Solemn Prelude for orchestra
STRAUSS, J. Jr (43)
Tales from the Vienna Woods, for orchestra
SAINT-SAËNS (33)
Piano Concerto No 2
BIZET (30)
Symphony in C major, Roma
Marche funebre, for orchestra
Marine, for piano
Variations chromatiques, for piano
BRUCH (30)
Violin Concerto No 1
MUSSORGSKY (29)
fp (privately)
Zenitha (The Marriage), opera The Nursery, song cycle (1868 72)
TCHAIKOVSKY (28)
Fate, symphonic poem
BOITO (26)
Mefistofele, opera
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (24)
The Maid of Pskov (Ivan the Terrible), opera (1868-72)
1869
ROUSSEL and DAVIES were born; BERLIOZ, DARGOMIZHSKY and GOTTSCHALK died
WAGNER (56)
fp Das Rheingold, music drama
RAFF (47)
Dame Kobold, comic opera Symphony No 2
BRUCKNER (45)
'Locus iste', motet
BORODIN (36)
Prince Igor, opera begun (left unfinished)
Symphony No 2 begun (completed 1876)
BRAHMS (36)
p Piano Studies in five books, Books I and Il
Eighteen Liebeslieder Walzers
CUI (34)
William Ratcliffe, opera
SAINT-SAËNS (34)
Piano Concerto No 3
BALAKIREV (32)
fp Islamey, piano fantasy
BIZET (31)
Vasco da Gama, symphonic ode with chorus
MUSSORGSKY (30)
Boris Godunov, opera (first version with piano)
TCHAIKOVSKY (29)
Romeo and Juliet, fantasy overture (final version 1880)
SULLIVAN (27)
The Prodigal Son, oratorio
RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (25)
Antar, symphonic suite
GRIEG (26)
Piano Concerto in A minor
DUPARC (21)
Beaulieu, for piano

1870
LEHÁR, NOVAK and SCHMITT were born;
BALFE died
WAGNER (57)
fp Die Walkure, music drama
Siegfried Idyll, for orchestra
BRAHMS (37)
Alto Rhapsody, for alto, chorus and orchestra
Triumphlied, for chorus and orchestra
SAINT-SAËNS (35)
Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso, for violin and orchestra
Mélodies persanes, six songs
DELIBES (34)
Coppélia, ballet
BRUCH (32)
Symphonies Nos 1 and 2
DVORAK (29)
Dramatic (Tragic)
Overture
Three String Quartets
Notturno, for strings
Alfred, opera
SULLIVAN (28)
Overture di Ballo, concert overture
WIDOR (26)
Symphony No 1
FAURÉ (25)
Two vocal duets

1871
ZEMLINSKY born
VERDI (58)
fp Aida, opera
GADE (54)
Symphony No 8
GOUNOD (53)
Saltarello for orchestra
LITOLFF (53)
La Boite de Pandora, vocal score
RAFF (49)
Two Songs for chorus and orchestra Symphony No 3 Italian Suite
BRUCKNER (47)
'Os iusti', motet
STRAUSS, J. (II)
(46)
Indigo und die vierzig Rauber, operetta
BRAHMS (38)
Schicksalslied (Song of Destiny)
SAINT-SAËNS (36)
Marche héroique, for orchestra
Omphale's Spinning-wheel, symphonic poem
BIZET (33)
Jeux d'enfants, for piano duet
Petite Suite d'Orchestre
TCHAIKOVSKY (31)
String Quartet in D major
DVORAK (30)
King and Charcoal Burner, opera (first version)
Overture in F major
Piano Trios Nos 1 and 2
Cello Sonata
Rosmarine, songs with piano
MASSENET (29)
Suite for orchestra No 2, Scenes hongroises
1872
ALFVEN, SKRIABIN and VAUGHAN WILLIAMS were born
DARGOMIZHSKY (posthumous)
fp The Stone Guest, opera
LITOLFF (54)
Héloise et Abelard, vocal score
FRANCK (50)
Panis Angelicus, for voice and instruments
RAFF (50)
Symphony No 4
LALO (49)
Deux Aubades, for small orchestra
Divertissement, for small orchestra
Violin Concerto
BRUCKNER (48)
Symphony No 2 (revised 1891)
PONCHIELLI (38)
I Promessi Sposi, opera
SAINT-SAËNS (37)
La Princesse jaune, opera
BIZET (34)
L'Arlésienne, incidental music
Djamileh, opera
BRUCH (34)
Hermione, opera
Odysseus, cantata
MUSSORGSKY (33)
Khovantschina, opera
TCHAIKOVSKY (32)
Symphony No 2, Little Russian
DVORAK (31)
May Night, nocturne for orchestra
Piano Quintet in A major
GRIEG (29)
Sigurdjorsalfar, incidental music

1873
RACHMANINOV, REGER and JONGEN were born
VERDI (60)
String Quartet
GOUNOD (55)
Funeral March of a Marionette, for orchestra
RAFF (51)
Symphony No 5 Morgenlied, for chorus and orchestra
LALO (50)
Symphonie espagnole, for violin and orchestra
BRUCKNER (49)
Symphony No 3, Wagner (revised 1877 and 1888)
BRAHMS (40)
Variations on a Theme by Haydn, St Anthony, for orchestra
PONCHIELLI (39)
In Parlatore Eterno, opera
Le Due Gemelle, ballet
SAINT-SAËNS (38)
Phaeton, symphonic poem Cello Concerto No 1
BIZET (35)
Patrie, overture
DVORAK (32)
Symphony No 3 Romance, for violin and orchestra Octet, Serenade String Quartet in A minor String Quartet in F minor Violin Sonata
MASSENET (31)
Phedre, concert overture
Suite for orchestra No 3, Scenes dramatiques
SULLIVAN (31)
The Light of the World, oratorio
FAURÉ (28)
Cantique de Jean Racine

1874
HOLST, SCHMIDT, SCHOENBERG, IVES and SUK were born
THOMAS (63)
Gille et Gillotin, opera
VERDI (61)
Requiem Mass
GADE (57)
Novelleten, for string orchestra
LITOLFF (56)
La Fiancee du Roi de Garbe, vocal score
FRANCK (52)
Redemption, cantata with symphonic interlude
RAFF (52)
Symphony No 6 Suite No 2 for orchestra
BRUCKNER (50)
Symphony No 4, Romantic (revised 1880)
SMETANA (50)
The Two Widows, opera
Ma Vlast, cycle of six symphonic poems (1877-9)
STRAUSS, J. (II) (49)
Die Fledermaus, operetta
PONCHIELLI (40)
I Lituani, opera, revised as Aldona
SAINT-SAËNS (39)
Danse macabre, symphonic poem
MUSSORGSKY (35)
Sorochintsky Fair, opera
Night on the Bare Mountain, arrangement by Rimsky-Korsakov of a passage in Sorochintsky Fair
Jesus Daquin, for contralto, bass, chorus and piano
Pictures from an Exhibition, for piano
Sunless, song cycle
TCHAIKOVSKY (34)
Piano Concerto No 1(1874-5)
String Quartet in F major
DVORAK (33)
Symphony No 4 Rhapsody for Orchestra, in A minor String Quartet in A minor
MASSENET (32)
Suite for orchestra No 4, Scenes pittoresques
DUPARC (26)
Suite des Valses, for orchestra
Poeme, nocturne for orchestra (parts 2 and 3 lost)
d'INDY (23)
Max et Thecla, symphonic overture, Part 2 of Wallenstein Trilogy
Jean Hunyade, symphony (1874-5)


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